We have previously detected autoantibodies against topoisomerase II alpha (anti-topo II alpha) in sera from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. To determine whether anti-topo II alpha is also present in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with pulmonary involvement, we screened sera from 92 patients and 34 healthy controls. Presence of anti-topo II alpha was investigated with respect to clinical and serological features, including the frequencies of HLA class I and II alleles. Anti-topo II alpha was detected in 20/92 (21.7%) patients. No association was found with either anti-topoisomerase I (Scl-70 or anti-topo I) or anti-centromere antibodies. However, anti-topo II alpha was associated with the presence of pulmonary hypertension (PHT) (as opposed to pulmonary fibrosis), and with a decrease of carbon monoxide diffusing capacity. Anti-topo II alpha was strongly associated with the presence of the class I antigen HLA-B35. No significant association was found with HLA class II antigens. HLA-B35 also turned out to be associated with the presence of PHT. These results indicate that in SSc patients, the presence of anti-topo II alpha is associated with PHT, and that the simultaneous presence of HLA-B35 seems to add to the risk of developing PHT.
Anti-topoisomerase II alpha autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis-association with pulmonary hypertension and HLA-B35 / B. Grigolo, I. Mazzetti, R. Meliconi, S. Bazzi, R. Scorza, M. Candela, A. Gabrielli, A. Facchini. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0009-9104. - 121:3(2000 Sep), pp. 539-543.
|Titolo:||Anti-topoisomerase II alpha autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis-association with pulmonary hypertension and HLA-B35|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2249.2000.01320.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|