Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) genetic diversity is in danger both in meat production systems and in the wild where subspecies integrity is at risk. Product characterization and differentiation could be an effective strategy to supply economical support in pure breeds conservations strategies planning. Morphological traits are easily perceptible and could successfully be used in slow growing pure breeds turkey promotion policies. The aim of this research is to characterise through morphometrical analysis and linear scoring phenotypic traits of three traditional Italian turkey breeds. 27 birds have been measured, weighed and scored in two different farms (4 Nero d’Italia NI, 11 Brianzolo BI, 12 Euganei EU). Recorder traits have been: feather colour, beard presence, skin colour (L* a* b*), shank colour (L* a* b*), body weight, shank length, body length, keel length, shank girth. Body condition BC and breast muscles development (BMD) parallelism have been scored. Data have been analysed using SAS mean and GLM procedures. Feather colour is breed specific black NI, bronze/light bronze BI, bronze EU. Shank colour is bred specific in L*(BI=62.65, EU=48.06, NI=40.53), diet influence have been recorded; a* and b*differentiate NI from BI and EU birds. Weight: the heaviest breed is NI, sexual dimorphism has been recorded in all the breeds (8.35♂, 2.76♀ NI; 5.24♂, 3.17♀ BI; 4.09♂, 2.16♀ EU). BC and BMD do not vary among breeds (BC=1, BMD=1). Shank length, body length, keel length and shank girth vary according to the breed and the sex of the measured birds. Morphological and conformational differences have been investigated, further analysis are needed to determine selection strategies for breeds conservation and traditional breeds products differentiation.
|Titolo:||Phenotypical characterization of some Italian turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) breeds.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Parole Chiave:||Turkey breeds ; morphometry ; biodiversity ; traditional products|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/20 - Zoocolture|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||World Poultry Science Association|
|Citazione:||Phenotypical characterization of some Italian turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) breeds. / S.P. Marelli, E. Colombo, M.G. Mangiagalli, L. Zaniboni, C. Cassinelli, S. Cerolini, L. Guidobono Cavalchini. ((Intervento presentato al 6. convegno European poultry genetics symposium tenutosi a Bedlewo nel 2009.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|