Efficient application of stem cells to the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases requires safe cell tracking to follow stem cell fate over time in the host environment after transplantation. In this work, for the first time, fluorescent and biocompatible methyl methacrylate (MMA)-based nanoparticles (fluoNPs) were synthesized through a free-radical co-polymerization process with a fluorescent macromonomer obtained by linking Rhodamine B and hydroxyethyl methacrylate. We demonstrate that the fluoNPs produced by polymerization of MMA-Rhodamine complexes (1) were efficient for the labeling and tracking of multipotent human amniotic fluid cells (hAFCs); (2) did not alter the main biological features of hAFCs (such as viability, cell growth and metabolic activity); (3) enabled us to determine the longitudinal bio-distribution of hAFCs in different brain areas after graft in the brain ventricles of healthy mice by a direct fluorescence-based technique. The reliability of our approach was furthermore confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging analyses, carried out by incubating hAFCs with both superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and fluoNPs. Our data suggest that these finely tunable and biocompatible fluoNPs can be exploited for the longitudinal tracking of stem cells.
Biocompatible fluorescent nanoparticles for in vivo stem cell tracking / L. Cova, P. Bigini, V. Diana, L. Sitia, R. Ferrari, R. Pesce, R. Khalaf, P. M. Bossolasco, P. Ubezio, M. Lupi, M. Tortarolo, L. Colombo, D. Giardino, V. Silani, M. Morbidelli, M. Salmona, D. Moscatelli. - In: NANOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0957-4484. - 24:24(2013 Jun 21), pp. 245603.1-245603.11.
|Titolo:||Biocompatible fluorescent nanoparticles for in vivo stem cell tracking|
|Parole Chiave:||magnetic nanoparticles; polymerization; cytotoxicity; expression; stability; therapy; models; vitro; cord|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica|
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||21-giu-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/24/24/245603|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|