3β-hydroxysterol Δ14-reductase operates during the conversion of lanosterol to cholesterol in mammalian cells. Besides the endoplasmic reticulum 3β-hydroxysterol Δ14-reductase (C14SR) encoded by TM7SF2 gene, the lamin B receptor (LBR) of the inner nuclear membrane possesses 3β-hydroxysterol Δ14-reductase activity, based on its ability to complement C14SR-defective yeast strains. LBR was indicated as the primary 3β-hydroxysterol Δ14-reductase in human cholesterol biosynthesis, since mutations in LBR gene were found in Greenberg skeletal dysplasia, characterized by accumulation of Δ14-unsaturated sterols. This study addresses the issue of C14SR and LBR role in cholesterol biosynthesis. Both human C14SR and LBR expressed in COS-1 cells exhibit 3β-hydroxysterol Δ14-reductase activity in vitro. TM7SF2 mRNA and C14SR protein expression in HepG2 cells grown in delipidated serum (LPDS) plus lovastatin (sterol starvation) were 4- and 8-fold higher, respectively, than in LPDS plus 25-hydroxycholesterol (sterol feeding), resulting in 4-fold higher 3β-hydroxysterol Δ14-reductase activity. No variations in LBR mRNA and protein levels were detected in the same conditions. The induction of TM7SF2 gene expression is turned-on by promoter activation in response to low cell sterol levels and is mediated by SREBP-2. The results suggest a primary role of C14SR in human cholesterol biosynthesis, whereas LBR role in the pathway remains unclear.
|Titolo:||Sterol dependent regulation of human TM7SF2 gene expression supports a role of the encoded 3beta -hydroxysterol delta14-reductase.|
|Autori interni:||CARUSO, DONATELLA|
|Parole Chiave:||cholesterol biosynthesis; delta14-sterol reductase; gene expression; Greenberg skeletal dysplasia; lamin B receptor; TM7SF2|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bbalip.2006.05.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|