An anatomical investigation of the culm of pseudoviviparous alpine meadow grass (Poa alpina var. vivipara L.) revealed that transpiration flow, as delimited by Lucifer Yellow tracer dye, was maintained despite advanced senescence (as evidenced by loss of chlorophyll and chloroplasts), with leafy spikelets driving transpiration flow. Transpiration flow was not hindered by cavitation or tylosis in older culms, the low frequencies of these senescence processes being bypassed via nodal plexi. Despite this, water content of plantlets declined over time and water stress became apparent, suggesting that water supply via the determinate culm was not sufficient for the increasing transpirational demand of indeterminate plantlets. The implications of declining water content on the biomechanical properties of the culm, and concomitant limitations on the pseudoviviparous reproductive strategy, are discussed. Nomenclature of grass follows Hubbard.
|Titolo:||The influence of secondary senescence processes within the culm of a pseudoviviparous grass (Poa alpina var. vivipara L.) on the supply of water to propagules|
PIERCE, SIMON (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Poa alpina; Pseudovivipary; Senescence; Tylosis; Water|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/03 - Botanica Ambientale e Applicata|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|