Background: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) variables provide valuable prognostic information in the heart failure (HF) population. The purpose of the present study is to assess the ability of resting end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (PETCO2) to predict cardiac-related events in patients with HF. Methods: 121 subjects diagnosed with compensated HF under-went CPET on an outpatient basis. Mean age and ejection fraction were 49.3 years (+/- 14.7) and 28.4% (+/- 13.4), respectively. Resting P(ET)CO2 was determined immediately prior to the exercise test in the seated position. Peak oxygen consumption (VO2) and the minute ventilation-carbon dioxide production (VE/VCO2) slope were also acquired during CPET. Results: There were 41 cardiac-related hospitalizations and 9 cardiac-related deaths in the year following CPET. Mean resting PETCO2, peak VO2 and VE/VCO2 slope were 34.1 mmHg (+/- 4.6), 14.5 ml(.)kg(-1.)min(-1) (+/- 5.1) and 35.9 (+/- 8.7) respectively. Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed that resting PETCO2 (Chi-square=28.4, p < 0.001), peak VO2 (Chi-square=21.6, p < 0.001) and VE/VCO2 slope (Chisquare=54.9, p < 0.001) were all significant predictors of cardiac related events. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed resting PETCO2 added to the prognostic value of VE/VCO2 Slope in predicting cardiac related events (residual Chi-square=4.4, p=0.04). Peak VO2 did not add additional value and was removed (residual Chi-square=3.2, p=0.08). Conclusions: These results indicate a resting ventilatory expired gas variable possesses prognostic value independently and in combination with an established prognostic marker from the CPET. Resting PETCO2 may therefore be a valuable objective measure to obtain during both non-exercise and exercise evaluations in patients with HF.
|Titolo:||Prognostic value of resting end-tidal carbon dioxide in patients with heart failure|
|Autori interni:||GUAZZI, MARCO (Penultimo)|
|Parole Chiave:||Exercise; Heart failure; Mortality; Prognosis; Risk factors; Ventilatory expired gas|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ijcard.2005.06.032|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|