The genetic element P4 propagates in its host Escherichia coli both as a satellite phage and as a plasmid. Two partially overlapping replicons coexist, namely replicon I and replicon II. The former is composed of two sites, ori1 and crr, and depends on P4 (alpha) gene product for replication. The P4 (alpha) protein has primase and helicase activities, and binds specifically to both ori1 and crr. Replicon II is composed of two sites, ori2 and crr, and its replication also depends on P4 (alpha) primase and helicase activities. In replicon II, the (alpha) protein binds only crr. Here we show that for replicon II the relative orientation of ori2 and crr is essential for replication to occur. Furthermore we delimit ori2 to a 22 bp region (6234-6255), internal to the (alpha) gene, sufficient for replicon II replication. We mutagenized this region and identified two mutants, which carry one and two base substitutions, respectively, that prevent replicon II replication. In electrophoretic mobility shift experiments of ori2, ori1, and crr DNA fragments with E. coli extracts, ori2 was not shifted, whereas both ori1 and crr were specifically bound, suggesting that other host protein(s), beside P4 (alpha), are able to bind to these cis essential regions. Apparently, no binding to ori2 could be identified, thus suggesting that neither (alpha) nor other bacterial proteins specifically bind to this region.
|Titolo:||DNA replication in phage P4: Characterization of replicon II|
|Parole Chiave:||α Protein; crr; ori1; ori2; Phage P4; Replication|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/18 - Genetica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||21-mar-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.plasmid.2006.06.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|