Ovarian tissue cryobanking is proposed as an effective option for preserving female fertility in cancer patients. At present 2 options are available: cryopreservation of ovarian cortical fragments or of the whole ovary. The use of whole ovary reduces ischemic insult. However, the larger the sample volume, the more difficult it is to introduce the cryoprotective agents and to ensure an adequate cooling rate that minimizes tissue damage. For this reason, we used the multi-thermal gradient method, based on running the sample through a temperature gradient. This allows a homogeneous cooling rate through the whole sample independently from its volume. The aim of the study was to determine whether multi-thermal gradient freezing allows a substantial reduction of the damages induced by cryopreservation of large samples by comparing the viability of cortical fragments versus whole ovaries after thawing and grafting in nude mice. Sheep ovaries were collected at the local abattoir and randomly divided into 3 groups: A) ovaries frozen as cortical fragments, B) ovaries frozen as whole organs, and C) fresh ovaries immediately processed for further analysis (control). Ovarian fragments (10×5×1mm) were sliced from the cortical region and immersed into cryoprotectant solution (Leibovitz L-15 medium, 10% FCS, and 1.5M dimethyl sulfoxide), while whole ovaries were perfused with the same solution. Samples were placed into glass freezing tubes 16mm in diameter filled with cryoprotectant solution. Samples were frozen with the multi-thermal gradient freezing apparatus (Core Dynamics, Ness Ziona, Israel) progressing along the thermal gradient at a rate of 0.01mms(-1), resulting in a cooling rate of 0.3°Cmin(-1). Two weeks later, samples were thawed by plunging the tubes into a 37°C water bath with gentle shaking. Whole ovaries were perfused with 10mL of HEPES-Talp medium, 0.5M sucrose, and 10IUmL(-1) of heparin and their cortical region was cut into fragments. These fragments and those derived from group A were rehydrated in L-15 medium with decreasing sucrose concentrations. Fragments (2×2×1mm) were xenografted in the dorsal region of 6 nude mice for each group. Mice were killed after 8 weeks and grafts were collected for analysis. Cryopreserved samples were compared with each other and fresh controls (group C). Morphologically normal follicles at primordial, primary, and secondary stages were visible in all samples. Cell proliferation was assessed measuring Ki-67 mRNA and counting immunohistochemically positive cells. The FSH receptor and GDF9 gene expression were used to evaluate tissue viability. No significant differences for any of these parameters were measured amongst the groups. We conclude that directional freezing is an effective method for ovarian tissue cryopreservation independently from the sample volume, thus overriding the limitations usually associated with whole-organ banking.
Multi-thermal gradient freezing allows the cryopreservation of sheep whole ovaries with the same efficiency of ovarian fragments / T. Brevini, S. Maffei, G. Pennarossa, A. Arav, F. Gandolfi. - In: REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1031-3613. - 25:1(2012 Dec 04), pp. 58.176-58.176. ((Intervento presentato al 39. convegno Annual Conference of the International Embryo Transfer Society tenutosi a Hannover nel 2013.
|Titolo:||Multi-thermal gradient freezing allows the cryopreservation of sheep whole ovaries with the same efficiency of ovarian fragments|
BREVINI, TIZIANA (Primo)
MAFFEI, SARA (Secondo)
GANDOLFI, FULVIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||4-dic-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/RDv25n1Ab58|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|