Understanding Natural Killer (NK) cell anatomical distribution is key to dissect the role of these unconventional lymphocytes in physiological and disease conditions. In mouse, NK cells have been detected in various lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs, while in humans the current knowledge of NK cell distribution at steady state is mainly restricted to lym-phoid tissues. The translation to humans of findings obtained in mice is facilitated by the identification of NK cell markers conserved between these two species.The Natural Cyto-toxicity Receptor (NCR) NKp46 is a marker of the NK cell lineage evolutionary conserved in mammals. In mice, NKp46 is also present on rare T cell subsets and on a subset of gut Innate Lymphoid Cells (ILCs) expressing the retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) transcription factor. Here, we documented the distribution and the phenotype of human NKp46+ cells in lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues isolated from healthy donors. Human NKp46+ cells were found in splenic red pulp, in lymph nodes, in lungs, and gut lamina propria, thus mirroring mouse NKp46+ cell distribution. We also identified a novel cell subset of CD56dim NKp46low cells that includes RORγt+ ILCs with a lineage-CD-94CD-117brightCD127bright phenotype. The use of NKp46 thus contributes to establish the basis for analyzing quantitative and qualitative changes of NK cell and ILC subsets in human diseases.
|Titolo:||Mapping of NKp46(+) Cells in Healthy Human Lymphoid and Non-Lymphoid Tissues|
|Parole Chiave:||Expression profiling; Human NK cells; Nkp46; Phenotype; Tissue distribution|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/46 - Scienze Tecniche di Medicina di Laboratorio|
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3389/fimmu.2012.00344|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|