A 1-day-old female Holstein-Friesian calf was presented for severe dyspnea. Physical examination revealed respiratory distress, moderate edema of the ventral neck, and swollen jugular veins. The calf died and was submitted for necropsy. A severely enlarged thymus (40 cm × 20 cm × 10 cm) weighing 1.37 kg was detected on gross examination. Histomorphology was normal but no tingible body macrophages were observed in the medullary areas. Immunohistochemistry was characterized by the lack of thymic cluster of differentiation 3 and major histocompatibility complex class II expression compared to age-matched controls. The findings were consistent with severe thymic hyperplasia, a rare congenital condition that is also described in children. Immunohistochemical findings were suggestive of impaired T-cell development and selection associated with lack of apoptosis of thymic cells (lack of tingible body macrophages). Thymic hyperplasia in juvenile animals should be considered among the differential diagnoses of mediastinal masses as a rare cause of respiratory distress in newborn calves.
Severe thymic hyperplasia in a newborn calf associated with impaired T-cell differentiation / E. Fantinato, D. Pravettoni, A. Forlani, P. Riccaboni, D. Binanti. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY DIAGNOSTIC INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 1040-6387. - 25:5(2013 Jul 17), pp. 603-607.
|Titolo:||Severe thymic hyperplasia in a newborn calf associated with impaired T-cell differentiation|
FANTINATO, ELEONORA (Primo)
PRAVETTONI, DAVIDE (Secondo)
RICCABONI, PIETRO (Penultimo)
BINANTI, DIANA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Calves; immunohistochemistry; T-cell differentiation; thymic hyperplasia|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-lug-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1040638713496103|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|