This study represents an attempt at the dietary manipulation of the fatty acid composition of chicken spermatozoa in order to enhance the levels of n-3 polyunsaturates at the expense of the n-6 fatty acids, which normally predominate in the lipids of avian semen. Male chickens were provided with either a control diet supplemented with maize oil or the test diet supplemented with fish oil (Tuna Orbital Oil) from 10 weeks of age. Semen samples were collected from the birds after 30 and 48 weeks of supplementation. The fish oil diet induced a significant but limited increase in the proportion of 22:6n-3 in the spermatozoan phospholipid in parallel with an equivalent decrease in the proportions of 20:4n-6 and 22:4n-6. However, since the maximal level of 22:6n-3 in the phospholipid that was achieved by fish oil feeding was less than 10% (wt/wt of fatty acids), these changes fell far short of representing a switch from the typical avian pattern to that more characteristic of the n-3 enriched mammalian semen. Analysis of the fatty acid compositions of the constituent classes of phospholipid in the spermatozoa indicated that, in both dietary states, the phosphatidylethanolamine fraction contained much greater proportions of n-6 and n-3 C20-22 polyunsaturates than the phosphatidylcholine fraction. The results indicate that the typical fatty acid profile of the spermatozoa of domesticated poultry, characterised by the predominance of C20-22 n-6 polyunsaturates, displays a considerable degree of resistance to manipulation by dietary means and does not adopt the 'mammalian' type of profile following supplementation with n-3 fatty acids.
|Titolo:||The effect of dietary supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid on the phospholipid fatty acid composition of avian spermatozoa|
CEROLINI, SILVIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Arachidonic acid; Chicken; Docosahexaenoic acid; Docosatetraenoic acid; Fatty acid; Fertility; Phospholipid; Spermatozoa|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/20 - Zoocolture|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0305-0491(97)00024-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|