Antiphospholipid antibodies are the marker for antiphospholipid syndrome. There is evidence that these autoantibodies lead to both thrombotic diathesis and obstetrical manifestations. Besides the known interaction with soluble coagulation factors, in vitro and in vivo experimental models and studies in humans recently have shown the ability of antiphospholipid antibodies to modulate functions of cells involved in coagulation homeostasis. These findings support a new hypothesis to explain the paradox of the prolongation of coagulation assays in vitro and the association with thrombophilic diathesis in vivo. Obstetrical manifestations have been linked to a direct antibody effect on the trophoblast leading to defective placentation that is not necessarily associated with thrombotic phenomena. Phospholipid binding proteins such as beta 2 -glycoprotein I appear to behave as a bridge between circulating antiphospholipid antibodies and cellular targets.

Pathogenic mechanisms mediating antiphospholipid syndrome / P. Meroni, P. Riboldi. - In: CURRENT OPINION IN RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 1040-8711. - 13:5(2001 Sep), pp. 377-382.

Pathogenic mechanisms mediating antiphospholipid syndrome

P. Meroni
Primo
;
P. Riboldi
Ultimo
2001-09

Abstract

Antiphospholipid antibodies are the marker for antiphospholipid syndrome. There is evidence that these autoantibodies lead to both thrombotic diathesis and obstetrical manifestations. Besides the known interaction with soluble coagulation factors, in vitro and in vivo experimental models and studies in humans recently have shown the ability of antiphospholipid antibodies to modulate functions of cells involved in coagulation homeostasis. These findings support a new hypothesis to explain the paradox of the prolongation of coagulation assays in vitro and the association with thrombophilic diathesis in vivo. Obstetrical manifestations have been linked to a direct antibody effect on the trophoblast leading to defective placentation that is not necessarily associated with thrombotic phenomena. Phospholipid binding proteins such as beta 2 -glycoprotein I appear to behave as a bridge between circulating antiphospholipid antibodies and cellular targets.
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/22160
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 83
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 68
social impact