Local chicken breeds are a vital reservoir of gene resources and their conservation has a technical role related to the future development of the productive system, as well as a social-cultural role. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of egg weight, egg storage period and egg weight loss on hatchability of fertile eggs in the Italian bantam breed Mericanel della Brianza. Fourteen females and eight males were kept in floor pens and divided in 8 families (1M:1 or 2F) during the reproductive season (March–June). Birds received a photoperiod of 14L:10D and were fed ad libitum. Egg production and egg weight were recorded daily. Eggs were divided in 4 weight groups: EW1=<33g, EW2=33–36g, EW3=36–39g and EW4=≥39g. Eggs were stored at 18°C and classified in 3 egg storage groups: ES1=0–4, ES2=5–9 and ES3=10–15 days. Egg weight loss was recorded and distributed in 5 different classes: EWL1=<10%, EWL2=10–15%, EWL3=16–20%, EWL4=21–25%, EWL5=>25%. Fertility, embryo mortality and hatchability were recorded. The mean values during the reproductive season were 82% fertility and 50% hatchability of fertile eggs. The best combination of fertility and hatchability values were recorded in EW2 and lower fertility was recorded in EW1 (P<0.05). Hatchability decreased under 50% after 10 day storage period before incubation and the best hatchability was recorded in EWL1. The present results contribute to the knowledge on reproductive parameters necessary to improve the reproductive efficiency of this Italian breed within a conservation plan.
Egg related parameters affecting fertility and hatchability in the Italian bantam breed Mericanel della Brianza / M. Madeddu, L. Zaniboni, M.G. Mangiagalli, C. Cassinelli, S. Cerolini. - In: ANIMAL REPRODUCTION SCIENCE. - ISSN 0378-4320. - 137:3/4(2013 Mar), pp. 214-219.
|Titolo:||Egg related parameters affecting fertility and hatchability in the Italian bantam breed Mericanel della Brianza|
|Parole Chiave:||local chicken breed; bantam breed; egg parameters; hatchability|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/20 - Zoocolture|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2013.01.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|