Changes in relative cell proportions occurring in diseased mammary glands of dairy cows, can be determined using differential cell count (DCC). The present study was carried out in two consecutive trials, with the goals: a) to test the consistency of DCC results on following days; b) to establish an effective cutoff value for the diagnosis of mastitis. In the first trial, quarter milk and blood samples were taken from 8 healthy cows for 5 consecutive days. Milk samples were tested by somatic cell count (SCC) and bacteriological analysis, while DCC was performed on all samples by flow cytometer. In the second trial, 16 animals were randomly selected in a different herd and quarter milk samples were taken on 3 consecutive milkings. All samples were cyto-bacteriologically analysed and DCC was performed on the second sampling. In the first trial, mean SCC was 77.770 cells/mL and 4 samples were bacteriologically positive. No fixed or random effect evidenced a significant influence on percentages of individual cell populations or ratios, in blood or in milk. A cutoff value of 0.495 for logarithmic PMNL/Lymphocyte was established. Mean SCC of milk samples collected in the second trial was 543.230 cells/mL and in 53.1% quarters an infection was detected, mostly by Staph. aureus. When the cutoff value was applied to the data along with SCC, sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic method were 97.3% and 92.3% respectively.

Differential cell count as an alternative method to diagnose dairy cow mastitis / R. Pilla Silva, M. Malvisi, G.G. Medina Snel, D. Schwarz, S. König, C.P. Czerny, R. Piccinini. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 96:3(2013 Mar), pp. 1653-1660. [10.3168/jds.2012-6298]

Differential cell count as an alternative method to diagnose dairy cow mastitis

R. Pilla Silva;M. Malvisi
Secondo
;
G.G. Medina Snel;R. Piccinini
Ultimo
2013

Abstract

Changes in relative cell proportions occurring in diseased mammary glands of dairy cows, can be determined using differential cell count (DCC). The present study was carried out in two consecutive trials, with the goals: a) to test the consistency of DCC results on following days; b) to establish an effective cutoff value for the diagnosis of mastitis. In the first trial, quarter milk and blood samples were taken from 8 healthy cows for 5 consecutive days. Milk samples were tested by somatic cell count (SCC) and bacteriological analysis, while DCC was performed on all samples by flow cytometer. In the second trial, 16 animals were randomly selected in a different herd and quarter milk samples were taken on 3 consecutive milkings. All samples were cyto-bacteriologically analysed and DCC was performed on the second sampling. In the first trial, mean SCC was 77.770 cells/mL and 4 samples were bacteriologically positive. No fixed or random effect evidenced a significant influence on percentages of individual cell populations or ratios, in blood or in milk. A cutoff value of 0.495 for logarithmic PMNL/Lymphocyte was established. Mean SCC of milk samples collected in the second trial was 543.230 cells/mL and in 53.1% quarters an infection was detected, mostly by Staph. aureus. When the cutoff value was applied to the data along with SCC, sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic method were 97.3% and 92.3% respectively.
Dairy cow; Diagnosis; Differential cell count; Subclinical mastitis
Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici
mar-2013
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/220342
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