The intramolecular hydrogen bond formed between a protonated amine and a neighboring H-bond acceptor group in the side chain of amodiaquine and isoquine is thought to play an important role in their antimalarial activities. Here we describe isoquine-based compounds in which the intramolecular H-bond is mimicked by a methylene linker. The antimalarial activities of the resulting benzoxazines, their isosteric tetrahydroquinazoline derivatives, and febrifugine-based 1,3-quinazolin-4- ones were examined in vitro (against Plasmodium falciparum) and in vivo (against Plasmodium berghei). Compounds 6b,c caused modest inhibition of chloroquine transport via the parasite’s “chloroquine resistance transporter” (PfCRT) in a Xenopus laevis oocyte expression system. In silico predictions and experimental evaluation of selected drug-like properties were also performed on compounds 6b,c. Compound 6c emerged from this work as the most promising analogue of the series; it possessed low toxicity and good antimalarial activity when administered orally to P. bergheiinfected mice.
|Titolo:||Mimicking the intramolecular hydrogen bond : synthesis, biological evaluation, and molecular modeling of benzoxazines and quinazolines as potential antimalarial agents|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-dic-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jm300831b|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|