Quenching of the triplet state of tryptophan by close contact with cysteine has been used to measure the reaction-limited and diffusion-limited rates of loop formation in disordered polypeptides having the sequence cys-(ala-gly-gln)jtrp (j = 1–9). The decrease in the length-dependence of the reaction-limited rate for short chains in aqueous buffer, previously attributed to chain stiffness, is not observed at high concentrations of chemical denaturant (6 M GdmCl and 8 M urea), showing that denaturants increase chain flexibility. For long chains, both reaction-limited and diffusion-limited rates are significantly smaller in denaturant and exhibit a steeper length dependence. The results can be explained using end-to-end distributions from a wormlike chain model in which excluded volume interactions are incorporated by associating a 0.4–0.5 nm diameter hard sphere with the end of each virtual peptide bond. Fitting the data with this model shows that the denaturants reduce the persistence length from 0.6 nm to 0.4 nm, only slightly greater than the length of a peptide bond. The same model also describes the reported length dependence for the radii of gyration of chemically denatured proteins containing 50–400 residues. The end-to-end diffusion coefficients obtained from the diffusion-limited rates are smaller than the sum of the monomer diffusion coefficients and exhibit significant temperature dependence, suggesting that diffusion is slowed by internal friction arising from barriers to backbone conformational changes.
|Titolo:||Effects of denaturants on the dynamics of loop formation in polypeptides|
|Autori interni:||BUSCAGLIA, MARCO (Primo)|
|Parole Chiave:||protein folding ; tryptophan triplet ; kinetics of contact formation ; unfolded protein ; peptides ; denatured protein|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-lug-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1529/biophysj.105.071167|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|