Total body computed tomography (TB-CT) scan is not mandatory in the diagnostic/staging algorithm of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The aim of this study was to determine the value and prognostic significance of TB-CT scan in early stage CLL patients. Baseline TB-CT scan was performed in 240 Binet stage A CLL patients (179 Rai low- and 61 Rai intermediate-risk) included in a prospective multicenter observational study (clinicaltrial.gov ID:NCT00917549). The cohort included 69 clinical monoclonal B lymphocytosis (cMBLs). Patients were re-staged considering only radiological data. Following TB-CT scans, 20% of cases re-classified as radiologic Binet (r-Binet) stage B. r-Binet B patients showed a higher incidence of unfavorable cytogenetic abnormalities (P=.027), as well as a shorter PFS (P=.001). At multivariate analysis, r-Binet stage [HR=2.48; P=.004] and IGHV mutational status [HR=3.01; P=.002] retained an independent predictive value for PFS. Among 179 Rai low-risk cases, 100 were re-defined as r-Rai intermediate-risk based upon TB-CT scan data, showing a higher rate of cases with higher ZAP-70 (P=.033) and CD38 expression (P=.029) and β2-microglobulin levels (P<.0001), as well as a shorter PFS than those with r-Rai low-risk (P=.008). r-Rai stage [HR=2.78; P=.046] and IGHV mutational status [HR=4.25; P=.009] retained a significant predictive value for PFS at multivariate analysis. 42% of cMBL patients were re-classified as r-small lymphocytic lymphomas (r-SLLs) by TB-CT scan. TB-CT scan appears to provide relevant information in early stage CLL related to the potential and the timing of patients to progress towards the more advanced disease stages.
|Titolo:||Total body computed tomography scan in the initial work-up of binet stage a chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients : results of the prospective, multicenter o-cll1-gisl study|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||4-apr-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/ajh.23448|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|