In gymnastics monitoring of the training load and assessment of the psychophysiological status of elite athletes is important for training planning and to avoid overtraining, consequently reducing the risk of injures. The aim of this study was to examine whether heart rate variability (HRV) is a valuable tool to determine training load and psychophysiological status in young elite gymnasts. Six young male elite gymnasts took part in a 10 week observational study. During this period, beat to beat heart rate intervals were measured every training day in week 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9. Balance, agility, upper limb maximal strength, lower limb explosive and elastic power were monitored during weeks 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10. Training load of each training session of all 10 weeks was assessed by session-RPE and psychophysiological status by Foster's index. Morning supine HRV (HF% and LF%/ HF%) correlated with the training load of the previous day (r=0.232, r=-0.279, p<0.05 ). Morning supine to sitting HRV difference (mean RR, mean HR, HF%, SD1) correlated with session-RPE of the previous day (r=-0.320, r=0.301 p<0.01, r=0.265, r=-0.270, p<0.05) but not with Foster's index. Training day/reference day HRV difference (mean RR, SD1) showed the best correlations with session-RPE of the previous day (r=-0.384, r=-0.332, p<0.01) and Foster's index (r=-0.227, r=-0.260, p<0.05). In conclusion, HRV, and in particular training day/reference day mean RR difference or SD1 difference, could be useful in monitoring training load and psychophysiological status in young male elite gymnasts.
|Titolo:||Heart rate variability reflects training load and psychophysiological status in young elite gymnasts|
LA TORRE, ANTONIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||elite gymnasts ; heart-rate varaiability ; training monitoring|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Sportive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1519/JSC.0b013e31828783cc|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|