The aim of this study was to measure the effective dose on an anthropomorphic phantom undergoing lumbar and femoral dual energy X-ray absorption (DXA) examinations, using 3 different scan modalities (fast-array [FA], array [A], high-definition [HD]), and assess the differences in the lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of cancer due to radiation. An anthropomorphic phantom was used. Thermoluminescent dosimeters were placed over 12 anatomic phantom regions and outside the room (to measure background radiation). Fifty scans on the femur and spine were performed for each mode. The dose relative to a single DXA scan for each dosimeter was measured (mean over the 50 scans) and the background radiation was then subtracted. The equivalent dose per organ was obtained. The total body effective dose was calculated by adding the equivalent doses. We estimated the lifetime dose absorption and LAR for cancer for a male and a female patient undergoing 36 DXA studies (18 lumbar, 18 femoral) every 21 months for 32 years. The effective dose for lumbar scans was FA = 17.79 μSv, A = 32.88 μSv, HD = 31.08 μSv; for femoral scans, FA = 5.29 μSv, A = 9.55 μSv, HD = 7.54 μSv. LAR estimation showed a minimal increase in cancer risk (range 4.55 × 10-4% [FA, femoral, male] to 4.02 × 10-3% [A, lumbar, female]). The lifetime dose absorption and LAR for cancer for a male and a female patient undergoing 36 DXA studies (18 lumbar, 18 femoral) every 21 months for 32 years were 0.756 mSv, 3.82 × 10-3% and 0.756 mSv, 5.11 × 10-3%, respectively. DXA examinations cause radiation levels that are comparable to the background radiation. Regardless of the scan modality or the anatomic site, a patient undergoing DXA scans for a lifetime has a negligible increased risk of developing cancer.

Dose Absorption in Lumbar and Femoral Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Examinations Using Three Different Scan Modalities : An Anthropomorphic Phantom Study / M. Bandirali, E. Lanza, C. Messina, L.M. Sconfienza, R. Brambilla, R. Maurizio, D. Marchelli, L.P. Piodi, G. Di Leo, F.M. Ulivieri, F. Sardanelli. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL DENSITOMETRY. - ISSN 1094-6950. - 16:3(2013), pp. 279-282.

Dose Absorption in Lumbar and Femoral Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Examinations Using Three Different Scan Modalities : An Anthropomorphic Phantom Study

M. Bandirali
Primo
;
E. Lanza
Secondo
;
C. Messina;L.M. Sconfienza;F. Sardanelli
Ultimo
2013

Abstract

The aim of this study was to measure the effective dose on an anthropomorphic phantom undergoing lumbar and femoral dual energy X-ray absorption (DXA) examinations, using 3 different scan modalities (fast-array [FA], array [A], high-definition [HD]), and assess the differences in the lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of cancer due to radiation. An anthropomorphic phantom was used. Thermoluminescent dosimeters were placed over 12 anatomic phantom regions and outside the room (to measure background radiation). Fifty scans on the femur and spine were performed for each mode. The dose relative to a single DXA scan for each dosimeter was measured (mean over the 50 scans) and the background radiation was then subtracted. The equivalent dose per organ was obtained. The total body effective dose was calculated by adding the equivalent doses. We estimated the lifetime dose absorption and LAR for cancer for a male and a female patient undergoing 36 DXA studies (18 lumbar, 18 femoral) every 21 months for 32 years. The effective dose for lumbar scans was FA = 17.79 μSv, A = 32.88 μSv, HD = 31.08 μSv; for femoral scans, FA = 5.29 μSv, A = 9.55 μSv, HD = 7.54 μSv. LAR estimation showed a minimal increase in cancer risk (range 4.55 × 10-4% [FA, femoral, male] to 4.02 × 10-3% [A, lumbar, female]). The lifetime dose absorption and LAR for cancer for a male and a female patient undergoing 36 DXA studies (18 lumbar, 18 femoral) every 21 months for 32 years were 0.756 mSv, 3.82 × 10-3% and 0.756 mSv, 5.11 × 10-3%, respectively. DXA examinations cause radiation levels that are comparable to the background radiation. Regardless of the scan modality or the anatomic site, a patient undergoing DXA scans for a lifetime has a negligible increased risk of developing cancer.
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/219027
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