Diffraction Enhanced Imaging is a recent technique developed to improve the diagnostic capabilities of radiography by exploiting coherently scattered X-rays to generate images that provide higher contrast than conventional transmission imaging. Earlier experiments, carried out in the synchrotron environment using a mechanical parallel-hole collimator coupled to a 2D x-ray imager, confirmed the potential of this technique in mammography (Diffraction Enhanced Breast Imaging, DEBI). The main limitations of DEBI come from the detection system, the requirement of the synchrotron source and the use of a mechanical multi-hole collimator, which limits the achievable spatial resolution and also increases the acquisition time. New developments in polycapillary X-ray optics technology and in 2D detectors enable a significant upgrade of DEBI setups. In order to handle the limitations mentioned, a microfocus X-ray tube coupled to a polycapillary semi-lens, was used to deliver a collimated x-ray beam. A second polycapillary lens for the angle selection was coupled to the detector, to deal with the loss of spatial resolution. The detector was upgraded to the Controlled Drift-Detector (CDD), a novel 2D X-ray imager with energy resolving capability of spectroscopic quality. This paper introduces this novel setup and presents the results of its qualification. Images of phantoms both in transmission and in diffraction modes will be presented to evaluate the system performance.

Proposal of a Novel Diffraction-Enhanced Imaging Setup Based on Polycapillary X-Ray Optics / A. Castoldi, C. Ozkan, C. Guazzoni, A. Bjeoumikhov, J. Griffiths, G. Royle, R. Hartmann - In: Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2008. NSS '08. IEEE[s.l] : IEEE Service Center, 2008. - ISBN 978-1-4244-2714-7. - pp. 4895-4901 (( convegno Nuclear Science Symposium, Medical Imaging Conference and Room Temperature Semiconductor Detector Workshop tenutosi a Dresden, Germany nel 2008 [10.1109/NSSMIC.2008.4774337].

Proposal of a Novel Diffraction-Enhanced Imaging Setup Based on Polycapillary X-Ray Optics

C. Ozkan
Secondo
;
2008

Abstract

Diffraction Enhanced Imaging is a recent technique developed to improve the diagnostic capabilities of radiography by exploiting coherently scattered X-rays to generate images that provide higher contrast than conventional transmission imaging. Earlier experiments, carried out in the synchrotron environment using a mechanical parallel-hole collimator coupled to a 2D x-ray imager, confirmed the potential of this technique in mammography (Diffraction Enhanced Breast Imaging, DEBI). The main limitations of DEBI come from the detection system, the requirement of the synchrotron source and the use of a mechanical multi-hole collimator, which limits the achievable spatial resolution and also increases the acquisition time. New developments in polycapillary X-ray optics technology and in 2D detectors enable a significant upgrade of DEBI setups. In order to handle the limitations mentioned, a microfocus X-ray tube coupled to a polycapillary semi-lens, was used to deliver a collimated x-ray beam. A second polycapillary lens for the angle selection was coupled to the detector, to deal with the loss of spatial resolution. The detector was upgraded to the Controlled Drift-Detector (CDD), a novel 2D X-ray imager with energy resolving capability of spectroscopic quality. This paper introduces this novel setup and presents the results of its qualification. Images of phantoms both in transmission and in diffraction modes will be presented to evaluate the system performance.
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Book Part (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/217488
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