The transition between order and chaos is a fascinating subject which is currently investigated in different research fields from solid state to nuclear physics. At very low excitation energy, the nucleus behaves as an ordered system with welldefined quantum numbers and associated selection rules. As the internal energy increases, there is a gradual loss of selection rules and quantum numbers lose their meaning. The extreme regime is the chaotic region of the compound nucleus, where only energy, spin and parity survive. A useful probe to study the evolution of the selection rules with temperature is the Kquantum number. By studying the γdecay flow in coincidence with lowK and highK states, information on the ordertochaos transition can be obtained. An interesting physics case is 174W which is characterized by two highK bands (K=8 and K=12) built on isomeric states, with lifetimes longer than 120 ns. This nucleus has been populated by the fusionevaporation reaction of 50Ti (at 217 MeV) on 128Te. The experiment was performed at Legnaro National Laboratories, using the AGATA Demonstrator, coupled to the HELENA array. To probe the gradual weakening of the selection rules on the Kquantum number with temperature, γγ matrices selecting lowK and highK structures have been analysed by statistical fluctuation techniques, allowing to estimate the number of lowK and highK bands and their correlations. The interpretation of the data has been based on a Monte Carlo simulation code that reproduces the γdecay flux of 174W, using as input microscopic Cranked Shell Model calculations at finite temperature. The study of the warm rotation in 174W has evidenced the importance of introducing a quenching factor in the E1 decay between lowK and highK bands, which gives reduced hindrance values fν similar to the ones extracted from standard discrete spectroscopy studies of highK isomers. For the first time, it is demonstrated that Kmixing is a general mechanism which well explains the hindrance to the γdecay between low and highK states for both regular excited bands and isomeric states, as a function of temperature.
THE WARM NUCLEAR ROTATION IN 174W:CONSERVATION OF THE K QUANTUM NUMBERIN THE ORDER TO CHAOS REGION / V. Vandone ; tutor: S. Leoni ; cotutor: A. Bracco ; coordinatore: M. Bersanelli. UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI MILANO, 2013 Feb 06. 25. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2012. [10.13130/vandonevaleria_phd20130206].
THE WARM NUCLEAR ROTATION IN 174W:CONSERVATION OF THE K QUANTUM NUMBERIN THE ORDER TO CHAOS REGION
V. Vandone
2013
Abstract
The transition between order and chaos is a fascinating subject which is currently investigated in different research fields from solid state to nuclear physics. At very low excitation energy, the nucleus behaves as an ordered system with welldefined quantum numbers and associated selection rules. As the internal energy increases, there is a gradual loss of selection rules and quantum numbers lose their meaning. The extreme regime is the chaotic region of the compound nucleus, where only energy, spin and parity survive. A useful probe to study the evolution of the selection rules with temperature is the Kquantum number. By studying the γdecay flow in coincidence with lowK and highK states, information on the ordertochaos transition can be obtained. An interesting physics case is 174W which is characterized by two highK bands (K=8 and K=12) built on isomeric states, with lifetimes longer than 120 ns. This nucleus has been populated by the fusionevaporation reaction of 50Ti (at 217 MeV) on 128Te. The experiment was performed at Legnaro National Laboratories, using the AGATA Demonstrator, coupled to the HELENA array. To probe the gradual weakening of the selection rules on the Kquantum number with temperature, γγ matrices selecting lowK and highK structures have been analysed by statistical fluctuation techniques, allowing to estimate the number of lowK and highK bands and their correlations. The interpretation of the data has been based on a Monte Carlo simulation code that reproduces the γdecay flux of 174W, using as input microscopic Cranked Shell Model calculations at finite temperature. The study of the warm rotation in 174W has evidenced the importance of introducing a quenching factor in the E1 decay between lowK and highK bands, which gives reduced hindrance values fν similar to the ones extracted from standard discrete spectroscopy studies of highK isomers. For the first time, it is demonstrated that Kmixing is a general mechanism which well explains the hindrance to the γdecay between low and highK states for both regular excited bands and isomeric states, as a function of temperature.File  Dimensione  Formato  

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