Products of different origin, time of collection, and activities fall under the general term of colostrum and, therefore, great variability in composition as well as in the concentration of its components has been reported in the literature. In the present study, we describe the standardization of a bovine colostrum derivative and the characterization of its bioactive components. Evaluation of the most representative agents (lactoferrin, transferrin, IL-2, IFN-γ, tumor necrosis factor, IgG, and IgA) showed that a marked decrease in active components occurs after the first few hours. Bovine colostrum was, therefore, collected up to the fifth hour after delivery from Holstein cows, in the presence of preservatives, and immediately frozen. A protocol of centrifugation, filtration, and lyophilization was then applied to pools of colostrum from at least 30 cows to obtain a stable, sterile, standardized product. Preservatives were removed by dialysis. Evaluation of the active biological components of colostrum showed that the final product of colostrums contained significant and reproducible amounts of bioactive factors, including cytokines, immunomodulating factors, growth factors, and immunoglobulins. The final product appeared, therefore, as a sterile, pyrogen-free, standardized derivative of bovine colostrum with a high concentration of bioactive components.
Biological components in a standardized derivative of bovine colostrum / P. Sacerdote, F. Mussano, S. Franchi, A.E. Panerai, G. Bussolati, S. Carossa, A. Bartorelli, B. Bussolati. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 96:3(2013), pp. 1745-1754.
|Titolo:||Biological components in a standardized derivative of bovine colostrum|
SACERDOTE, PAOLA GIUSEPPINA (Primo)
BARTORELLI, ALBERTO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Colostrum; Cytokine; Growth factor; Standardized product|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-5928|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|