OBJECTIVE-: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-releasing NSAIDs exert potent anti-inflammatory effects beyond classical cyclooxygenase inhibition. Here, we compared the platelet inhibitory effects of the H2S-releasing aspirin derivative ACS14 with its mother compound aspirin to analyze additional effects on platelets. METHODS AND RESULTS-: In platelets of mice fed with ACS14 for 6 days (50 mg/kg per day), not only arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation but also ADP-dependent aggregation was decreased, an effect that was not observed with an equimolar dose of aspirin (23 mg/kg per day). ACS14 led to a significantly longer arterial occlusion time after light-dye-induced endothelial injury as well as decreased thrombus formation after ferric chloride-induced injury in the carotid artery. Bleeding time was not prolonged compared with animals treated with equimolar doses of aspirin. In vitro, in human whole blood, ACS14 (25-500 μmol/L) inhibited arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation, but compared with aspirin additionally reduced thrombin receptor-activating peptide-, ADP-, and collagen-dependent aggregation. In washed human platelets, ACS14 (500 μmol/L) attenuated αIIbβ3 integrin activation and fibrinogen binding and increased intracellular cAMP levels and cAMP-dependent vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation. CONCLUSION-: The H2S-releasing aspirin derivative ACS14 exerts strong antiaggregatory effects by impairing the activation of the fibrinogen receptor by mechanisms involving increased intracellular cyclic nucleotides. These additional antithrombotic properties result in a more efficient inhibition of thrombus formation in vivo as achieved with aspirin alone.
|Titolo:||Hydrogen sulfide-releasing aspirin derivative ACS14 exerts strong antithrombotic effects in vitro and in vivo|
|Parole Chiave:||arterial thrombosis; aspirin; H2S; platelets|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1161/ATVBAHA.112.300627|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|