We have previously demonstrated that the concentration of normal prion proteins (PrP(C)) is increased in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of rats deficient in vitamin B(12) (cobalamin, Cbl). In this study, we investigated whether similar increases also occur in the serum and CSF of patients deficient in Cbl (Cbl-D), and whether the increase in serum levels can be corrected by Cbl therapy. The study involved two sample populations. The first consisted of 45 patients (13 patients with pernicious anemia [PA], 19 with other forms of anemia, and 13 healthy controls); and the second, 68 patients (five with subacute combined degeneration [SCD], 18 with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, 22 with multiple sclerosis [MS], and 23 neurological controls). Serum PrP(C) levels were measured using an enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay before as well as after Cbl therapy. The mean serum PrP(C) levels in patients with PA were significantly higher than those of the controls (p=0.0017) but normalized after Cbl therapy; there was no significant change in the patients with other forms of anemia. Mean CSF PrP(C) levels in the patients with SCD were significantly higher than in the neurological controls (p<0.03). The serum and CSF PrP(C) levels of patients with PA and those with SCD were correlated significantly with serum (p=0.004) and CSF (p=0.0018) Cbl levels. In patients with MS, CSF PrP(C) concentrations were significantly lower than those of the controls regardless of their CSF Cbl levels. We found a correlation between Cbl and PrP(C) levels in the serum and CSF of Cbl-D patients, which suggests that Cbl may regulate the PrP(C) levels in the serum and CSF in humans.
Cobalamin as a regulator of serum and cerebrospinal fluid levels of normal prions / G. Scalabrino, D. Veber, C. Briani, S. Milani, A. Terralavoro, S. Brenna, L. Valenti, V. Silani, C. Morelli, M. Peracchi. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 0967-5868. - 20:1(2013 Jan), pp. 134-138.
|Titolo:||Cobalamin as a regulator of serum and cerebrospinal fluid levels of normal prions|
|Parole Chiave:||cerebrospinal fluid; Cobalamin deficiency; multiple sclerosis; normal prions; pernicious anemia; subacute combined degeneration|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2012.08.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|