Chromatin accessibility plays a key role in regulating cell type specific gene expression during hematopoiesis but has also been suggested to be aberrantly regulated during leukemogenesis. To understand the leukemogenic chromatin signature, we analyzed acute promyelocytic leukemia, a subtype of leukemia characterized by the expression of RARalpha-fusion proteins, such as PML-RARalpha. We used nuclease accessibility sequencing in cell lines as well as patient blasts to identify accessible DNA elements and identified > 100 000 accessible regions in each case. Using ChIP-seq, we identified H2A.Z as a histone modification generally associated with these accessible regions, whereas unsupervised clustering analysis of other chromatin features, including DNA methylation, H2A.Zac, H3ac, H3K9me3, H3K27me3, and the regulatory factor p300, distinguished 6 distinct clusters of accessible sites, each with a characteristic functional makeup. Of these, PML-RARalpha binding was found specifically at accessible chromatin regions characterized by p300 binding and hypoacetylated histones. Identifying regions with a similar epigenetic make up in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells, another subtype of AMLs, revealed that these regions are occupied by the oncofusion protein AML1-ETO. Together, our results suggest that oncofusion proteins localize to accessible regions and that chromatin accessibility together with p300 binding and histone acetylation characterize AML1-ETO and PML-RARalpha binding sites.
Chromatin accessibility, p300 and histone acetylation define PML-RARα and AML1-ETO binding sites in acute myeloid leukemia / S. Saeed, C. Logie, K.J. Francoijs, G. Frigè, M. Romanenghi, F.G. Nielsen, L. Raats, M. Shahhoseini, M. Huynen, L. Altucci, S. Minucci, J.H.A. Martens, H.G. Stunnenberg. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - 120:15(2012), pp. 3058-3068.
|Titolo:||Chromatin accessibility, p300 and histone acetylation define PML-RARα and AML1-ETO binding sites in acute myeloid leukemia|
|Parole Chiave:||Chromatin ; Leukemia ; PML-RAR|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2011-10-386086|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|