We previously reported that treatment of human vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) with proapoptotic stimuli, including Fas ligand plus cycloheximide (FasL/Chx), or overexpression of Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD) result in increased expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and other proinflammatory genes. In this study, we demonstrate that Fas/FADD-induced MCP-1 upregulation is driven by an autocrine/paracrine signaling loop in which interleukin (IL)-1alpha synthesis and release are activated through caspase- and calpain-dependent processes. Untreated SMCs contain very little IL-1alpha protein or transcript. Both were increased greatly in response to Fas/FADD activation, primarily through an autocrine/paracrine pathway in which secreted IL-1alpha stimulated additional IL-1alpha synthesis and release. Caspase 8 (Csp8) activity increased in response to FasL/Chx treatment, and Csp8 inhibitors markedly reduced IL-1alpha release and MCP-1 upregulation. In contrast, Csp8 activity was not significantly increased in response to FADD overexpression and caspase inhibitors did not effect FADD-induced MCP-1 upregulation. Both FasL/Chx treatment and FADD overexpression increased the activity of calpains. Calpain inhibitors reduced IL-1alpha release and MCP-1 upregulation in both FADD-overexpressing SMCs and FasL/Chx-treated SMCs without blocking Csp8 activity. This indicates that calpains are not required for activation of caspases and that caspase activation is not sufficient for IL-1alpha release and MCP-1 upregulation. These data suggest that calpains play a dominant role in Fas/FADD-induced IL-1alpha release and MCP-1 upregulation and that caspase activation may function to amplify the effects of calpain activation.

Fas and Fas-associated death domain protein regulate monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression by human smooth muscle cells through caspase- and calpain-dependent release of interleukin-1alpha / F.J. Schaub, W.C. Liles, N. Ferri, K. Sayson, R.A. Seifert, D.F. Bowen-Pope. - In: CIRCULATION RESEARCH. - ISSN 0009-7330. - 93:6(2003 Sep 19), pp. 515-522.

Fas and Fas-associated death domain protein regulate monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression by human smooth muscle cells through caspase- and calpain-dependent release of interleukin-1alpha

N. Ferri;
2003

Abstract

We previously reported that treatment of human vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) with proapoptotic stimuli, including Fas ligand plus cycloheximide (FasL/Chx), or overexpression of Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD) result in increased expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and other proinflammatory genes. In this study, we demonstrate that Fas/FADD-induced MCP-1 upregulation is driven by an autocrine/paracrine signaling loop in which interleukin (IL)-1alpha synthesis and release are activated through caspase- and calpain-dependent processes. Untreated SMCs contain very little IL-1alpha protein or transcript. Both were increased greatly in response to Fas/FADD activation, primarily through an autocrine/paracrine pathway in which secreted IL-1alpha stimulated additional IL-1alpha synthesis and release. Caspase 8 (Csp8) activity increased in response to FasL/Chx treatment, and Csp8 inhibitors markedly reduced IL-1alpha release and MCP-1 upregulation. In contrast, Csp8 activity was not significantly increased in response to FADD overexpression and caspase inhibitors did not effect FADD-induced MCP-1 upregulation. Both FasL/Chx treatment and FADD overexpression increased the activity of calpains. Calpain inhibitors reduced IL-1alpha release and MCP-1 upregulation in both FADD-overexpressing SMCs and FasL/Chx-treated SMCs without blocking Csp8 activity. This indicates that calpains are not required for activation of caspases and that caspase activation is not sufficient for IL-1alpha release and MCP-1 upregulation. These data suggest that calpains play a dominant role in Fas/FADD-induced IL-1alpha release and MCP-1 upregulation and that caspase activation may function to amplify the effects of calpain activation.
Apoptosis; Calpain; Inflammation; Interleukin; Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
19-set-2003
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/211585
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