We describe a kindred with slowly progressive gastrointestinal symptoms and autonomic neuropathy caused by autosomal dominant, hereditary systemic amyloidosis. The amyloid consists of Asp76Asn variant β 2- microglobulin. Unlike patients with dialysis-related amyloidosis caused by sustained high plasma concentrations of wild-type β 2- microglobulin, the affected members of this kindred had normal renal function and normal circulating β 2-microglobulin values. The Asp76Asn β 2-microglobulin variant was thermodynamically unstable and remarkably fibrillogenic in vitro under physiological conditions. Previous studies of β 2-microglobulin aggregation have not shown such amyloidogenicity for single-residue substitutions. Comprehensive biophysical characterization of the β 2-microglobulin variant, including its 1.40-Å, three-dimensional structure, should allow further elucidation of fibrillogenesis and protein misfolding.
|Titolo:||Hereditary systemic amyloidosis due to Asp76Asn variant β2-microglobulin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||14-giu-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1056/NEJMoa1201356|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|