A method was developed for the determination in human urine of S-phenylmercapturic (PMA) and S-benzylmercapturic (BMA) acids, metabolites respectively of benzene and toluene. PMA and BMA were determined, after alkaline hydrolysis, to give respectively thiophenol and benzylmercaptan, and coupling of the thiol-containing compounds with monobromobimane (MB), by reversed-phase HPLC on a diphenyl-silica bonded cartridge (100 x 4.6 mm I.D., 5 microm particle size) with fluorimetric detection. Wavelengths for excitation and emission were 375 and 480 nm, respectively. The recovery of PMA and BMA from spiked urines was >90% in the 10-500 microg/l range; the quantification limits were respectively 1 and 0.5 microg/l; day-to-day precision at 42 microg/l was C.V. <7%. The suitability of the proposed procedure for the biological monitoring of exposure to low-level airborne concentrations of benzene and toluene, was evaluated by analyzing the urinary excretion of PMA and BMA in subjects exposed to different sources of aromatic hydrocarbons, namely occupationally-unexposed referents (non-smokers, n=15; moderate smokers, n=8; mean number of cigarettes smoked per-day=17 cig/day) and non-smoker workers occupationally exposed to toluene in maintenance operations of rotogravure machines (non-smokers, n=17). Among referents, non-smokers showed values of PMA ranging from <1 to 4.6 microg/l and BMA from 1.0 to 10.4 microg/l; in smokers, PMA values ranging from 1.2 to 6.7 microg/l and BMA from 9.3 to 39.9 microg/l, were observed. In occupationally exposed non-smoker subjects, BMA median excretion value (23.6 microg/l) was higher than in non-smoker referents (3.5 microg/l) (P<0.001) and individual BMA values (y, microg/l) were associated and increased with airborne toluene concentration (x, mg/m3) according to the equation y=6.5+0.65x (r=0.69, P<0.01, n=17). The proposed analytical method appears to be a sensitive and specific tool for biological monitoring of low-level exposure to benzene and toluene mixtures in occupational and environmental toxicology laboratory.
|Titolo:||Determination of monobromobimane derivatives of phenylmercapturic and benzylmercapturic acids in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography and fluorimetry|
|Parole Chiave:||Reproducibility of Results ; Humans ; Fluorometry ; Calibration ; Acetylcysteine ; Bicyclo Compounds ; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-feb-2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0378-4347(00)00491-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|