Iron has a major role in mitochondrial as well as in chloroplast metabolism, however the processes involved in organelle iron transport in plants are only partially understood. To identify mitochondrial iron transporters in Arabidopsis, we searched for proteins homologous to the Danio rerio (zebrafish) Mitoferrin2 MFRN2, a mitochondrial iron importer in non-erythroid cells. Among the identified putative Arabidopsis mitoferrinlike proteins, we focused on that one encoded by At5g42130, which we named AtMfl1 (MitoFerrinLike1). AtMfl1 expression strongly correlates with genes coding for proteins involved in chloroplast metabolism. Such an unexpected result is supported by the identification by different research groups, of the protein encoded by At5g42130 and of its homologs from various plant species in the inner chloroplastic envelope membrane proteome. Notably, neither the protein encoded by At5g42130 nor its homologs from other plant species have been identified in the mitochondrial proteome. AtMfl1 gene expression is dependent on Fe supply: AtMfl1 transcript strongly accumulates under Fe excess, moderately under Fe sufficiency and weakly under Fe deficiency. In order to understand the physiological role of AtMfl1, we isolated and characterized two independent AtMfl1 KO mutants, atmfl1-1 and atmfl1-2: both show reduced vegetative growth. When grown under conditions of Fe excess, atmfl1-1 and atmfl1-2 mutants (seedlings, rosette leaves) contain less total Fe than wt and also reduced expression of the iron storage ferritin AtFer1. Taken together, these results suggest that Arabidopsis mitoferrinlike gene AtMfl1 is involved in Fe transport into chloroplasts, under different conditions of Fe supply and that suppression of its expression alters plant Fe accumulation in various developmental stages.
Identification of an Arabidopsis mitoferrinlike carrier protein involved in Fe metabolism / D. Tarantino, P. Morandini, L. Ramirez, C. Soave, I. Murgia. - In: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0981-9428. - 49:5(2011), pp. 520-529.
|Titolo:||Identification of an Arabidopsis mitoferrinlike carrier protein involved in Fe metabolism|
TARANTINO, DELIA (Primo)
MORANDINI, PIERO ANGELO (Secondo)
SOAVE, CARLO (Penultimo)
MURGIA, IRENE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Arabidopsis Proteins ; Membrane Transport Proteins ; Biological Transport ; Seedling ; Mitochondria ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Chloroplasts ; Sequence Analysis, Protein ; Sequence Alignment ; Plant Leaves ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Arabidopsis ; Gene Expression Regulation, Plant ; Iron ; Ferritins|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale|
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2011.02.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|