Seventy-six consecutive untreated patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) and classified according to Binet's staging system were studied at the clinical presentation. Several immunologic parameters (number of total and T circulating lymphocytes and their surface membrane immunoglobulin [Smlg] phenotypes and levels of serum Ig) were evaluated with the aim of identifying a biologic marker of prognostic relevance. In this series of persons, Binet staging confirmed its usefulness as a prognostic index (P less than .001). With regard to Smlg, they were mu-type in 41 cases (53.9%), mu-type plus delta-type in 29 cases (38.2%), alpha-type in one case, and not detectable in five cases. No correlations were found between clinical stage and immunoglobulin phenotype, although all but one patient in stage C showed mu-type Smlg alone. On analyzing the survival curves of our patients according to different Smlg phenotypes, we found that patients with only mu-type Smlg had a poorer prognosis (P less than .05) than those with mu-type plus delta-type; this difference was even more significant (P less than .01) in patients in stage A, whereas there were no statistical differences in those in stages B and C. Because the appearance of surface heavy chain of delta-type could be an expression of cell maturation, these results suggest that in B-CLL the presence of phenotypically more mature leukemic cells may correlate with better clinical prognosis, particularly in the early phase of the disease.

Prognostic significance of immunoglobulin phenotype in B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia / L. Baldini, R. Mozzana, A. Cortelezzi, A. Neri, F. Radaelli, B. Cesana, A.T. Maiolo, E.E. Polli. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - 65:2(1985 Feb), pp. 340-344.

Prognostic significance of immunoglobulin phenotype in B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia

L. Baldini
Primo
;
A. Cortelezzi;A. Neri;A.T. Maiolo
Penultimo
;
1985

Abstract

Seventy-six consecutive untreated patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) and classified according to Binet's staging system were studied at the clinical presentation. Several immunologic parameters (number of total and T circulating lymphocytes and their surface membrane immunoglobulin [Smlg] phenotypes and levels of serum Ig) were evaluated with the aim of identifying a biologic marker of prognostic relevance. In this series of persons, Binet staging confirmed its usefulness as a prognostic index (P less than .001). With regard to Smlg, they were mu-type in 41 cases (53.9%), mu-type plus delta-type in 29 cases (38.2%), alpha-type in one case, and not detectable in five cases. No correlations were found between clinical stage and immunoglobulin phenotype, although all but one patient in stage C showed mu-type Smlg alone. On analyzing the survival curves of our patients according to different Smlg phenotypes, we found that patients with only mu-type Smlg had a poorer prognosis (P less than .05) than those with mu-type plus delta-type; this difference was even more significant (P less than .01) in patients in stage A, whereas there were no statistical differences in those in stages B and C. Because the appearance of surface heavy chain of delta-type could be an expression of cell maturation, these results suggest that in B-CLL the presence of phenotypically more mature leukemic cells may correlate with better clinical prognosis, particularly in the early phase of the disease.
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/210581
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