The Hedgehog (Hh)-pathway is required for cell-fate determination during the embryonic life, as well as cell growth and differentiation in the adult organism, where the inappropriate activation has been implicated in several cancers. Here, we demonstrate that Hh-signaling plays a significant role in growth and survival of multiple myeloma (MM) cells. We observed that CD138(+) MM cells express Hh-genes and confirmed Smoothened (Smo)-dependent Hh-signaling in MM using a novel synthetic Smo-inhibitor, NVP-LDE225 (Novartis), which decreased MM cell viability by inducing specific down-regulation of Gli1 and Ptch1, hallmarks of Hh-activity. Additionally, we detected a nuclear localization of Gli1 in MM cells, which is completely abrogated by Forskolin, a Gli1 modulating compound, confirming Smo-independent mechanisms leading to Hh-activation in MM. Finally, we identified that bone-marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are a source of Shh-ligand, although they are resistant to Hh-inhibitor due to defective Smo expression and Ptch1 up-regulation. Further in vitro as well as in vivo studies showed anti-tumor efficacy of NVP-LDE225 in combination with Bortezomib. All together, our data demonstrate activation of both canonical and non canonical Hh-pathway in MM, thus providing the rationale for testing Hh-inhibitors in clinical trials, in order to improve MM patient outcome.
Canonical and non canonical Hedgehog pathway in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma / S. Blotta, J. Jakubikova, T. Calimeri, A.M. Roccaro, N. Amodio, A.K. Azab, U. Foresta, C.S. Mitsiades, M. Rossi, K. Todoerti, S. Molica, F. Morabito, A. Neri, P. Tagliaferri, P. Tassone, K.C. Anderson, N.C. Munshi. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - 120:25(2012 Dec), pp. 5002-5013.
|Titolo:||Canonical and non canonical Hedgehog pathway in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma|
|Parole Chiave:||stem-cell function; sonic hedgehog; signaling pathway; drug-resistance; dendritic cells; leukemia cells; cancer; activation; medulloblastoma; proliferation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2011-07-368142|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|