BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis and dysfunction can be detected in the early phases of organ damage associated with hypertension. Valsartan, an angiotensin-II receptor blocker, is efficacious in lowering blood pressure (BP) and reducing left ventricular mass in patients with hypertension. Levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and procollagen type I carboxy-terminal propeptide (PICP) are correlated with organ damage in patients with overt congestive heart failure; however, few data are available in patients with hypertension. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of 12 months of valsartan treatment on echocardiographic measures and indices of organ damage (NT-proBNP and PICP) in newly diagnosed patients with hypertension. METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label, single-center, exploratory study. Patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated hypertension were treated for 12 months with valsartan 160 mg/d and compared with an equal number of healthy, untreated control subjects. Baseline and follow-up visits at 3, 6, and 12 months included physical examination, systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) measurements, ECG, echocardiography, and NT-proBNP and PICP determination. RESULTS: A total of 20 patients (mean [SD] age, 48.05 [7.29] years) were enrolled and compared with 20 healthy controls (age, 49.6 [6.95] years). Compared with baseline, valsartan was associated with reduced BP in the group with hypertension after 12 months of treatment (mean SBP, 150.05 [11.15] vs 120.00 [8.43] mm Hg, P < 0.001; DBP, 97.80 [8.36] vs 79.50 [4.26] mm Hg, P < 0.001). Compared with the control group, at baseline, the group with hypertension had significantly higher mean left ventricular mass index (LVMI) (119.88 [22.86] vs 87.31 [15.77] g/m(2); P < 0.001), relative wall thickness (thickness/radius [h/r] ratio: 0.45 [0.08] vs 0.35 [0.07]; P = 0.001), and NT-proBNP (50.00 [32.01] vs 25.47 [9.69] pg/dL; P = 0.002). PICP was higher, but the difference was not statistically significant (46.10 [15.69] vs 37.50 [7.20] mu g/L). After 12 months, treatment with valsartan was associated with significant reductions in all measured parameters compared with baseline (LVMI, 106.51 [17.12] g/m(2), P = 0.004; h/r, 0.41 [0.07], P = 0.026; NT-proBNP, 22.55 [13.52] pg/dL, P = 0.001; PICP, 35.20 [9.19] mu g/L, P < 0.008). At 12 months, patients with hypertension treated with valsartan achieved NT-proBNP and PICP levels not statistically different from those of the healthy controls (NT-proBNP, 22.55 [13.52] vs 25.24 [8.43] pg/dL; PICP, 35.20 [9.19] vs 36.90 [6.41] mu g/L). CONCLUSION: Patients treated with valsartan for 12 months had significant reductions in BP, LVMI, and indices of subclinical organ damage (NT-proBNP and PICP) compared with baseline.
|Titolo:||Effects of Valsartan treatment indicators of cardiovascular damage in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients: a prospective, twelve-month open-label pilot study|
|Parole Chiave:||hypertension ; organ damage ; angiotensin-II receptor blocker ; valsartan ; N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide ; procollagen type I carboxy-terminal propeptide|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.curtheres.2010.10.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|