Severe clinical myotonia can be physically disabling and socially imparing but as yet there is no standardized treatment regimen. The aim of our study is to present a protocol to measure myotonia using quantitative muscle assessment measures. The proposed protocol addresses two main issues. Muscle strength is assessed in 8 muscles on the right and on the left using a myometer (QMA, quantitative muscle assessment) and by testing strength manually using the 5-point MRC scale (5 = normal) in 15 muscles on the right and on the left. Grip myotonia is assessed by: (a) measuring 1/2 and 3/4 relaxation times (RT) after maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) using QMA apparatus; (b) functional tests (time to open a fist 10 times, time to open and squeeze the eyes 10 times, time to climb 10 steps starting from a seated position, time to protrude the tongue 10 times, time to step onto a chair 10 times; (c) subjective measures of the severity of myotonia using an arbitrary 4-point scale (0 = absent, 4 = severe); and (d) electromyography (EMG) relaxation times after MVC. Although QMA seems to be a reliable tool to measure myotonia, there are still a number of unsolved issues. Further studies are needed to ensure the ability of QMA to quantify myotonia and to guarantee the reliability of the results for clinical research purposes.

Quantitative myotonia assessment: an experimental protocol / V. Sansone, K. Marinou, J. Salvucci, G. Meola. - In: NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1590-1874. - 21:Suppl. 5(2000), pp. S971-S974.

Quantitative myotonia assessment: an experimental protocol

V. Sansone;G. Meola
2000

Abstract

Severe clinical myotonia can be physically disabling and socially imparing but as yet there is no standardized treatment regimen. The aim of our study is to present a protocol to measure myotonia using quantitative muscle assessment measures. The proposed protocol addresses two main issues. Muscle strength is assessed in 8 muscles on the right and on the left using a myometer (QMA, quantitative muscle assessment) and by testing strength manually using the 5-point MRC scale (5 = normal) in 15 muscles on the right and on the left. Grip myotonia is assessed by: (a) measuring 1/2 and 3/4 relaxation times (RT) after maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) using QMA apparatus; (b) functional tests (time to open a fist 10 times, time to open and squeeze the eyes 10 times, time to climb 10 steps starting from a seated position, time to protrude the tongue 10 times, time to step onto a chair 10 times; (c) subjective measures of the severity of myotonia using an arbitrary 4-point scale (0 = absent, 4 = severe); and (d) electromyography (EMG) relaxation times after MVC. Although QMA seems to be a reliable tool to measure myotonia, there are still a number of unsolved issues. Further studies are needed to ensure the ability of QMA to quantify myotonia and to guarantee the reliability of the results for clinical research purposes.
Clinical trials; Muscle strength; Myometry; Myotonia; Quantitative muscle assessment; Therapy
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
2000
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/209741
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