Although remodeling of vessels can dramatically alter lumen diameter and clinical sequelae, the molecular mechanisms regulating extracellular matrix turnover and remodeling are still not well understood. To investigate these processes in human smooth muscle, we have compared their culture on monomer and polymerized collagen gels, conditions that mimic some of the features of injured and normal vessels, respectively. We show that culture on polymerized, but not monomer, collagen leads to the activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB through phosphorylation and degradation of its inhibitor, IkappaBalpha. Coincident with NF-kappaB activation, expression of MMP1, MMP2, and alpha2 integrin increases on polymerized collagen. Specific inhibition of NF-kappaB by retroviral overexpression of wild-type IkappaBalpha or phosphorylation-resistant, IkappaBalpha-stabilized mutant (IkappaBalphaSer32,36/Ala) reverses the increases in MMP1 and alpha2beta1 on polymerized collagen and decreases collagen gel contraction and degradation. However, forced overexpression of alpha2beta1 integrin or MMP1 in smooth muscle cells expressing IkappaBalphaSer32,36/Ala rescues their ability to contract collagen gels. Thus, polymerized collagen induces NF-kappaB-dependent expression of MMP1 and alpha2beta1 integrin, that are required for smooth muscle extracellular matrix remodeling.
An NF-kappaB-dependent transcriptional program is required for collagen remodeling by human smooth muscle cells / N. Ferri, K. J. Garton, E. W. Raines. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 278:22(2003 May 30), pp. 19757-19764.
|Titolo:||An NF-kappaB-dependent transcriptional program is required for collagen remodeling by human smooth muscle cells|
FERRI, NICOLA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||NF-kappa B ; Muscle, Smooth, Vascular ; Humans ; Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay ; Infant, Newborn ; Collagen|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||30-mag-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M212714200|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|