BackgroundDietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) have been related to the risk of selected cancers, but the issue remains open.Patients and methodsMailed questionnaires were completed between 1994 and 1997 in eight Canadian provinces for incident, histologically confirmed cases of the stomach (n = 1182), colon (n = 1727), rectum (n = 1447), liver (n = 309), pancreas (n = 628), lung (n = 3341), breast (n = 2362), ovary (n = 442), prostate (n = 1799), testis (n = 686), kidney (n = 1345), bladder (n = 1029), brain (n = 1009), non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL, n = 1666), leukemias (n = 1069), multiple myelomas (n = 343), and 5039 population controls. Dietary information on eating habits 2 years before participants' enrollment in the study was obtained using a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were derived by unconditional logistic regression including recognized confounding factors.ResultsDietary GI was positively associated with the risk of prostate cancer (OR, 1.26 for the highest versus the lowest quartile). A higher dietary GL significantly increased the risk of colorectal (OR, 1.28), rectal (OR, 1.44) and pancreatic (OR, 1.41) cancers. No other significant associations were found.ConclusionsOur findings suggest that a diet high in GI and GL is associated with increased risk of selected cancers.
|Titolo:||Glycemic index, glycemic load and cancer risk|
LA VECCHIA, CARLO VITANTONIO BATTISTA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Canada ; glycemic index ; glycemic load ; logistic regression ; odds ratio|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1093/annonc/mds235|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|