OBJECTIVE: Oral antidiabetic drugs (including metformin and sulfonylurea) may play a role in the relationship between type 2 diabetes and cancer. To quantify the association between metformin and sulfonylurea and the risk of cancer, we performed a meta-analysis of available studies on the issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a MEDLINE search for observational studies that investigated the risk of all cancers and specific cancer sites in relation to use of metformin and/or sulfonylurea among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fixed- and random-effect models were fitted to estimate the summary relative risk (RR). Between-study heterogeneity was tested using χ(2) statistics and measured with the I(2) statistic. Publication bias was evaluated using funnel plot and Egger's regression asymmetry test. RESULTS: Seventeen studies satisfying inclusion criteria and including 37,632 cancers were evaluated after reviewing 401 citations. Use of metformin was associated with significantly decreased RR of all cancers (summary RR 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.54-0.70), colorectal cancer (0.64, 95% CI 0.54-0.76), and pancreatic cancer (0.38, 95% CI 0.14-0.91). With the exception of colorectal cancer, significant between-study heterogeneity was observed. Evidence of publication bias for metformin-cancer association was also observed. There was no evidence that metformin affects the risk of breast and prostate cancers, nor that sulfonylurea affects the risk of cancer at any site. CONCLUSIONS: Metformin, but not sulfonylurea, appears to reduce subsequent cancer risk. This has relevant implications in light of the exploding global epidemic of diabetes.
|Titolo:||Cancer risk associated with use of metformin and sulfonylurea in type 2 diabetes : a meta-analysis|
|Parole Chiave:||Cancer; Diabetes; Meta-analysis; Metformin; Oral antidiabetic therapy; Sulfonylurea|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1634/theoncologist.2011-0462|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|