Synucleins (Syn), a family of synaptic proteins, includes alpha-Syn, which plays a pivotal role in Parkinson's disease and related neurodegenerative diseases (synucleinopathics) by forming distinct brain pathologies (Lewy bodies and neurites). Since traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a poorly understood risk factor for Parkinson's disease, we examined the effects of TBI in the young and aged mouse brain on alpha-, beta-, and gamma-Syn. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that brains from sham-injured young and aged mice had normal alpha- and beta-Syn immunoreactivity (lR) in neuropil of cortex, striatum, and hippocampus with little or no gamma-Syn IR. At 1 week post TBI, the aged mouse brain showed a transient increase of alpha- and beta-Syn IR in the neuropil as well as an induction of gamma-Syn IR in subcortical axons. This was associated with strong labeling of striatal axon bundles by antibodies to altered or nitrated epitopes in a-Syn as well as by antibodies to inducible nitric oxide synthase. However, these TBI-induced changes disappeared by 16 weeks post TBI, and altered Syn IR was not seen in young mice subjected to TBI nor in alpha-Syn knockout mice while Western blots confirmed that TBI induced transient alterations of alpha-Syn in the mouse brains. This model of age-dependent TBI-induced transient alterations in alpha-Syn provides an opportunity to examine possible links between TBI and mechanisms of disease in synucleinopathies.
|Titolo:||Age-dependent synuclein pathology following traumatic brain injury in mice|
|Parole Chiave:||traumatic brain injury ; mouse brain ; neurodegenerative disease ; synuclein|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0014-4886(03)00245-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|