The administration of vaccines is not usually recommended in pregnant women because of a fear of severe adverse events for the fetus. However, contraindication to vaccination applies only to vaccines based on live attenuated viruses for the theoretical possibility that they might infect the fetus. In contrast, the use of several inactivated vaccines is useful and recommended. As a result of the transplacental passage of antibodies, maternal immunization can reduce the risk of vaccine-preventable diseases that may occur in the first months of life before the start or completion of the suggested vaccination schedule. One of the best examples is vaccination against influenza that can protect pregnant women from a disease that can lead to hospitalization and death in a significantly higher number of cases than in the general population and can induce protective specific antibody levels as well as being effective in infants in the first months of life. Other examples are vaccinations against tetanus, pertussis, pneumococcal infections and Haemophilus influenzae type b infection. This review analyses the advantages and limitations of maternal immunization as revealed by experience and the main publications.

Can infants be protected by means of maternal vaccination? / S. Esposito, S. Bosis, L. Morlacchi, E. Baggi, C. Sabatini, N. Principi. - In: CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTION. - ISSN 1198-743X. - 18:Suppl. 5(2012), pp. 85-92. [10.1111/j.1469-0691.2012.03936.x]

Can infants be protected by means of maternal vaccination?

S. Esposito;E. Baggi;N. Principi
2012

Abstract

The administration of vaccines is not usually recommended in pregnant women because of a fear of severe adverse events for the fetus. However, contraindication to vaccination applies only to vaccines based on live attenuated viruses for the theoretical possibility that they might infect the fetus. In contrast, the use of several inactivated vaccines is useful and recommended. As a result of the transplacental passage of antibodies, maternal immunization can reduce the risk of vaccine-preventable diseases that may occur in the first months of life before the start or completion of the suggested vaccination schedule. One of the best examples is vaccination against influenza that can protect pregnant women from a disease that can lead to hospitalization and death in a significantly higher number of cases than in the general population and can induce protective specific antibody levels as well as being effective in infants in the first months of life. Other examples are vaccinations against tetanus, pertussis, pneumococcal infections and Haemophilus influenzae type b infection. This review analyses the advantages and limitations of maternal immunization as revealed by experience and the main publications.
Infant protection; Maternal immunization; Pregnancy; Prevention; Vaccination
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/207934
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 34
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 26
social impact