Inspiratory nasal resistance symptom score, and influx of inflammatory cells into the nose were evaluated before and after a nasal challenge in 15 patients with grass pollen rhinitis and in sir nonallergic control subjects, to study the nasal late-phase reaction and its relationship with nasal cytology. All patients had an immediate positive reaction to specific nasal challenge. In seven allergic subjects we observed a late inspiratory nasal resistance increase, but only two had a significant late symptom score. Inflammatory cells increased by 8 hours in all the patients; the higher the cell influx, the higher the symptom score. Close correlations were found between the inspiratory nasal resistance increase, nasal obstruction at hours 8 and 24, and all cell counts. In control challenges there were no significant increases of symptom score or inspiratory nasal resistance either during the challenge or in the next 24 hours. A weakly significant increase was found only for neutrophil counts at 8 hours. These results indicate that an inflammatory reaction constantly occurs after a specific nasal challenge; its extent is closely related to inspiratory nasal resistance and to the intensity of nasal obstruction. Moreover, our data outline the pivotal role played by eosinophils and basophils in the genesis of an allergic late-phase reaction in the nose.
|Titolo:||Comparison of rhinomanometry, symptom score and inflammatory cell counts in assessing the nasal late phase response to allergen challenge|
|Parole Chiave:||allergen challenge; allergic rhinitis; late-phase reaction; nasal cytology; nose; Rhinomanometry; symptom score|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0091-6749(94)90236-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|