Objective: To determine if increased cell turnover in chronic myeloproliferative disorders can lead to hyperhomocysteinemia as a result of folate and/or cobalamin depletion, and contribute to oxidative stress. Materials and Methods: The clinical role of oxidative stress was investigated by measuring reactive oxygen species (ROS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and total homocysteine (tHcy), folate, cobalamin, and holotranscobalamin (HoloTC) levels in 51 chronic myeloproliferative disorders patients (male-to-female ratio: 1.1; median age: 64 years; range, 40. -84 years), including 42 with primary myelofibrosis and 9 with post. -polycythemia vera myelofibrosis. Results: Myelofibrotic patients had higher tHcy (p = 0.0201) and an unbalanced oxidative status (higher ROS and lower TAC levels; p < 0.0001) than controls. Presence of diabetes or another neoplasia was associated with higher ROS levels (p < 0.05), splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, and peripheral blasts with lower HoloTC levels (p < 0.005). The most severe forms of myelofibrosis (2-3) were associated with lower TAC (p = 0.045) and HoloTC levels (p = 0.017). Patients with Janus kinase-2 mutations had lower HoloTC levels (p = 0.0059). HoloTC deficiency was more frequently associated with Janus kinase-2 homozygosity (p < 0.0003). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the determination of HoloTC, tHcy, ROS concentrations, and TAC, can identify latent cobalamin deficiency and provide a rational basis for correcting the increased oxidation associated with disease progression.
Oxidative stress is increased in primary and post-polycythemia vera myelofibrosis / C. Vener, C. Novembrino, F. Bamonti, N.S. Fracchiolla, U. Gianelli, F. Savi, F. Radaelli, E. Fermo, A. Cortelezzi, S. Lonati, M. Menegatti, G. Lambertenghi Deliliers. - In: EXPERIMENTAL HEMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-472X. - 38:11(2010 Nov), pp. 1058-1065.
|Titolo:||Oxidative stress is increased in primary and post-polycythemia vera myelofibrosis|
NOVEMBRINO, CRISTINA (Secondo)
MENEGATTI, MARZIA (Penultimo)
LAMBERTENGHI DELILIERS, GIORGIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue|
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exphem.2010.07.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|