Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA) is caused by the deposition, in target tissues, of beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)M) in fibrillar conformation. Several reports indicate that fibrillar beta(2)M is chemically heterogeneous and such heterogeneity is partially related to the presence of truncated species of the protein. In association with the full-length species, a beta(2)M isoform lacking six N-terminal residues is present in all the samples of our collection of ex vivo fibrils. The pattern of proteolytic cleavage in amyloidosis and in other diseases is completely different, as demonstrated by the absence in fibrillar beta(2)M of the cleavage at lysine 58, which is contrary to that described in rheumatoid arthritis and other diseases. The role of limited proteolysis of beta(2)M in the pathogenesis of the disease is uncertain. However, we have shown that the apparently minor modification of the intact protein, such as the removal of N-terminal hexapeptide, is capable of dramatically affecting its stability, protection from proteolytic digestion, and enhance its capacity to make in vitro amyloid fibrils. The structure, folding dynamic, and function of the truncated species of beta(2)M, peculiar of DRA, could shed new light on the mechanism of beta(2)M fibril formation and reabsorption.
Dynamic of beta(2)-microglobulin fibril formation and reabsorption : the role of proteolysis / V. Bellotti, M.A. Gallieni, S. Giorgetti, D. Brancaccio. - In: SEMINARS IN DIALYSIS. - ISSN 0894-0959. - 14:2(2001 Mar), pp. 117-122.
|Titolo:||Dynamic of beta(2)-microglobulin fibril formation and reabsorption : the role of proteolysis|
GALLIENI, MAURIZIO ALBERTO (Secondo)
BRANCACCIO, DIEGO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Molecular Structure ; Amyloidosis ; Humans ; Protein Folding ; Absorption ; Renal Dialysis ; beta 2-Microglobulin ; Structure-Activity Relationship ; Amyloid|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2001|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-139x.2001.00030.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|