Numerous hypothalamic peptides are involved in the control of eating behaviour. We assessed plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of SRIH, beta-endorphin (beta-EP), CRH, NPY and GHRH in a group of massively obese patients and in normal weight subjects, In the obese patients, CSF SRIH and beta-EP levels were significantly reduced and increased, respectively, compared with controls (20.6 +/- 2.62, mean +/- s.e.m., vs 34.5 +/- 2.14 pg/ml, P < 0.05, for SRIH and 111.2 +/- 5.00 vs 80.4 +/- 5.32 pg/ml, P < 0.001, for beta-EP). Considering the data of obese and control subjects altogether, SRIH and beta-EP concentrations correlated negatively and positively, respectively, with BMI values (r = -0.641, P < 0.005 and r = 0.518, P < 0.05). No significant differences were observed in CSF levels of CRH, NPY and GHRH between obese and normal weight subjects, though GHRH levels were close to the assay sensitivity, CSF concentrations of CRH were positively correlated with those of SRIH in obese patients (r = 0.60, P < 0.05) and with those of NPY both in obese (r = 0.69, P < 0.02) and in control subjects (r = 0.83, P < 0.005). Plasma levels of SRIH, beta-EP, NPY and GHRH did not differ significantly in the two groups of subjects; plasma CRH was undetectable. Our results argue against the hypothesis of an enhanced SRIH tone as the cause of impaired ON secretion in obese patients, a primary defect in GHRH or GH release seems more likely, Moreover, they emphasise the importance of an increased tone of endogenous opioids in the pathophysiology of human obesity.
|Titolo:||Cerebrospinal fluid and plasma concentration of SRIH, beta-endorphin, CRH, NPY and GHRH in obese and normal weight subjects|
|Parole Chiave:||CSF SOMATOSTATIN ; CSF BETA-ENDORPHIN ; CSF CRH ; CSF GHRH ; CSF NPY ; OBESITY|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|