The power spectrum analysis of R-R interval variability (RRV) has been estimated by means of an autoregressive method in six men in supine (S) and sitting (C) postures at rest and during steady-state cycle exercise at about 14010, 28%, 45%, 67% of the maximal oxygen consumption (% VO2max). The total power of RRV decreased exponentially as a function of exercise intensity in a similar way in both postures. Three components were recognized in the power spectra: firstly, a high frequency peak (HF), an expression of respiratory arrhythmia, the central frequency (fcentral) of which increased in both S and C from a resting value of about 0.26 Hz to 0.42 Hz at 67% VO2max; secondly, a low frequency peak (LF) related to arterial pressure control, the fcentral of which remained constant at 0.1 Hz in C, whereas in S above 28% VO2max decreased to 0.07 Hz; and thirdly, a very low frequency component (VLF; less than 0.05 Hz, no fcentral). The power of the three components (as a percentage of the total power) depended on the body posture and the metabolic demand. HF% at rest was 30.3 (SEM 6.6) % in S and 5.0 (SEM 0.8) % in C. During exercise HF% decreased by about 30% in S and increased to 19.7 (SEM 5.5) % at 28% VO2max in C. LF% was lower in S than in C at rest [31.6 (SEM 5.7) % vs 44.9 (SEM 6.4) %; P<0.05], remaining constant up to 28% VO2max. At the highest intenstities it increased to 54.0 (SEM 15.6) % in S whereas in C it decreased to 8.5 (SEM 1.6) %. VLF represented the remaining power and the change was in the opposite direction to LF. The changes in power spectrum distribution of RRV during exercise depended on the intensity and the body posture. In particular, the LF peak showed opposite trends in S and C tasks, thus suggesting a different readjustment of arterial pressure control mechanisms in relation to the blood distribution and peripheral resistances.
|Titolo:||Body position affects the power spectrum of heart rate variability during dynamic exercise|
VEICSTEINAS, ARSENIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Heart rate control system; Posture and circulatory system; Power spectrum analysis; Supine exercise|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/BF00235095|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|