We compared the antihypertensive efficacy of atenolol (100 mg/d), canrenoate potassium (200 mg/d), and captopril (75 mg/d) in 30 essential hypertensives. The three drugs were administered in a randomized change-over sequence for four-months each. The main variables associated with blood pressure regulation were measured in the basal condition and at the end of each treatment period. The erythrocyte Na transport systems were measured only in the basal condition and at the end of the first treatment period. The average blood pressure reduction was similar for each drug. Mean blood pressure levels after captopril correlated positively with those after atenolol in the individual patients (P less than 0.0001); mean blood pressure levels after canrenoate potassium, on the contrary, did not correlate with those after the other two drugs. Captopril and canrenoate potassium treatment reduced intraerythrocyte Na content (P less than 0.02), canrenoate potassium increased Na-K pump (P0.05), atenolol did not change any erythrocyte membrane Na transport parameters. The ouabain-resistant Na transport systems were not modified by any drug. The patients were divided in three groups according to their antihypertensive response: nonresponders (six patients), canrenoate potassium responders (nine patients) and captopril-atenolol responders (15 patients, equally responsive to both drugs). Nonresponders had the lowest basal Na pump (P less than 0.02). Canrenoate potassium responders had higher basal Na-K cotransport than captopril-atenolol responders (P less than 0.02). Atenolol-captopril responders had the highest basal plasma renin activity (PRA, P less than 0.02). The blood pressure reduction after atenolol correlated with the induced fall in PRA (P less than 0.001).
Antihypertensive effect of captopril, canrenoate potassium, and atenolol. Relations with red blood cell sodium transport and renin / E. Niutta, D. Cusi, R. Colombo, G. Tripodi, M. Pellizzoni, P. Pati, B. Cesana, E. Alberghini, C. Barlassina, G. Bianchi. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION. - ISSN 0895-7061. - 1:4 Pt 1(1988 Oct), pp. 364-371.
|Titolo:||Antihypertensive effect of captopril, canrenoate potassium, and atenolol. Relations with red blood cell sodium transport and renin|
|Parole Chiave:||Renin ; Captopril ; Blood Pressure ; Humans ; Pregnadienes ; Biological Transport ; Canrenoate Potassium ; Sodium ; Heart Rate ; Adult ; Middle Aged ; Adolescent ; Atenolol ; Erythrocyte Membrane ; Female ; Male ; Hypertension|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-1988|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajh/1.4.364|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|