Nowadays it is imperative to develop economical and energy-efficient processes for the sustainable production of alternative fuels and chemicals. Fischer Tropsch synthesis (FT) is a well-established industrial process whereby these objectives can be achieved using syngas (mixture of H2, CO, CO2) as raw material. Syngas can be manufactured from CH4, coal or, as a new tendency, frombiomass. FT synthesis usually requires catalysts based on cobalt or iron. The typical products range is from methane to long chain hydrocarbons (waxes) . Cobalt-based catalysts have been used for FT for long time due to their long life-times, high CO conversion and high selectivity to heavy hydrocarbons; they are moreover characterized by low activity towards the water-gas shift, so avoiding the CO2 formation. In this work, layered double or triple hydroxides, also known as synthetic hydrotalcites, are proposed and studied as FT catalysts. The choice of these materials allows to easily prepare solid phases, essentially based on mixed metal oxides, where specific metal atoms are homogeneously dispersed at an atomic level. Hydrotalcites are represented by the empirical formula [M(II)1-xM(III)x(OH)2]x+[An-x/n]x-mH2O where M(II) is a divalent cation such as Co, Mg, Zn, Ni, or Cu, M(III) is a trivalent cation such as Al, Cr, Fe or Ga; An- is an anion of charge n and m the molar amounts of co-intercalated water . When calcined at proper temperatures, the random distribution of cations, characteristic of the hydroxide phase, is maintained in the resulting mixed oxide. Hydrotalcite based materials have been recently reported as good catalysts for several processes in the energy field, such as hydrogen production by steam reforming of methanol and ethanol, photocatalytic water splitting and so on [3-5]. A series a Co-Zn-Al hydrotalcites, with increasing Co contents was synthesized and characterized. Preliminary tests on their catalytic activity in the FT process resulted in a satisfactory outcome.
Synthetic Hydrotalcites as suitable Co-based catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch Process / C.L. Bianchi, C. Pirola, A. Di Fronzo, D.C. Boffito, A. Di Michele, R. Vivani, M. Nocchetti, M. Bastianini. ((Intervento presentato al 7. convegno International Conference on Environmental Catalysis tenutosi a Lyon nel 2012.
|Titolo:||Synthetic Hydrotalcites as suitable Co-based catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch Process|
PIROLA, CARLO (Secondo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||4-set-2012|
|Parole Chiave:||Hydrotalcites ; cobalt catalyst ; Fischer-Tropsch|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/04 - Chimica Industriale|
Settore ING-IND/25 - Impianti Chimici
|Citazione:||Synthetic Hydrotalcites as suitable Co-based catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch Process / C.L. Bianchi, C. Pirola, A. Di Fronzo, D.C. Boffito, A. Di Michele, R. Vivani, M. Nocchetti, M. Bastianini. ((Intervento presentato al 7. convegno International Conference on Environmental Catalysis tenutosi a Lyon nel 2012.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|