The inferior epigastric artery has been proposed as a suitable conduit for myocardial revascularization but its mid-term patency rate has not been assessed. A prospective clinical and angiographic study on the use of the inferior epigastric artery as an additional arterial conduit together with bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting was conducted in 38 patients. No deaths or major postoperative complications occurred. Twenty-three patients underwent repeat angiography after an average of 21.2 months. The left and right internal thoracic artery grafts patency rate was 95.6% (44/46), while inferior epigastric artery patency rate was 52.2% (12/23). By relating patency to the grafted coronary branch, the following results were obtained: 100% for the left anterior descending (3/3), right coronary (1/1) and ramus medianus (1/1); 40% (4/10) and 37.5% (3/8) for diagonals and obtuse marginals respectively. The low patency rates observed when the inferior epigastric artery is used on diagonals and obtuse marginals indicate that this vessel cannot be considered a suitable conduit for extensive application of arterial revascularization. We suggest that the inferior epigastric artery should only be used in patients presenting with contraindications to bilateral internal thoracic artery or right gastroepiploic artery grafting, or exhibiting unsuitable saphenous veins.
|Titolo:||Inferior epigastric artery as a conduit for myocardial revascularization : a two-year clinical and angiographic follow-up|
DONATELLI, FRANCESCO (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Angiographic study; Inferior epigastric artery; Myocardial revascularization|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/23 - Chirurgia Cardiaca|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0967-2109(98)00017-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|