The effect of thyroid hormone deficiency and growth hormone (GH) treatment on hypothalamic GH-releasing hormone (GHRH)/somatostatin (SS) concentrations, GHRH/SS mRNA levels, and plasma GH and somatomedin-C (IGF-I) concentrations were studied in 28- and 35-day-old rats made hypothyroid by giving dams propylthiouracil in the drinking water since the day of parturition. Hypothyroid rats, at both 28 and 35 days of life, had decreased hypothalamic GHRH content and increased GHRH mRNA levels, unaltered SS content and SS mRNA levels, and reduced plasma GH and IGF-I concentrations. Treatment of hypothyroid rats with GH for 14 days completely restored hypothalamic GHRH content and reversed the increase in GHRH mRNA, but did not alter plasma IGF-I concentrations. These data indicate that, in hypothyroid rats, the changes in hypothalamic GHRH content and gene expression are due to the GH deficiency ensuing from the hypothyroid state. Failure of the GH treatment to increase plasma IGF-I indicates that the feedback regulation on GHRH neurons is operated by circulating GH and/or perhaps tissue but not plasma IGF-I concentrations. Presence of low plasma IGF-I concentrations would be directly related to thyroid hormone deficiency.
|Titolo:||Hypothalamic-pituitary somatotropic function in prepubertal hypothyroid rats : effect of growth hormone replacement therapy|
|Parole Chiave:||Animals ; Analysis of Variance ; Hypothalamus ; Pituitary Gland ; Propylthiouracil ; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I ; Radioimmunoassay ; Somatostatin ; Rats, Inbred Strains ; Rats ; RNA, Messenger ; Hypothyroidism ; Feedback ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone ; Male ; Growth Hormone|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3181/00379727-196-43212|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|