The effects of the perturbation of the pituitary-thyroid axis induced during development on the functional activity of the growth hormone (GH) regulatory neuronal systems, GH-releasing hormone (GHRH), and somatostatin (SS) were studied in 14- and 21-day-old rats made hypothyroid by giving dams propylthiouracil in the drinking water since the day of parturition. Infant hypothyroid rats, both at 14 and 21 days of life, had elevated plasma thyroid-stimulating hormone levels and decreased pituitary and plasma GH levels. Simultaneous determination of hypothalamic GHRH/SS-like immunoreactivity (LI) and GHRH/SS mRNA levels did not reveal any difference in 14-day-old hypothyroid rats when compared with age-matched controls. In contrast, 21-day-old hypothyroid rats had decreased GHRH-LI content and a striking rise in GHRH mRNA levels, whereas SS-LI content and SS gene expression remained unaltered. These data indicate that in infant hypothyroid rats, changes in the functional activity of the GHRH neuronal system occur later than changes in GH secretion and are probably dependent on the GH deficiency. The functional activity of SS neurons was apparently unaltered in these hypothyroid rats, pointing to a lesser sensitivity of this system to the perturbation of the pituitary-thyroid axis.
|Titolo:||Changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary somatotropic function of infant hypothyroid rats|
|Parole Chiave:||Animals ; Hypothalamus ; Pituitary Gland ; Propylthiouracil ; Thyrotropin ; Somatostatin ; RNA, Messenger ; Rats ; Rats, Inbred Strains ; Animals, Newborn ; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone ; Hypothyroidism ; Female ; Male ; Growth Hormone|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-1990|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3181/00379727-193-43028|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|