Aims: Performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to multiple coronary lesions during the same procedure has potential economic and social advantages. However comprehensive outcome data of real world practice in a large population is limited. We aimed to compare short- and long-term outcomes between patients with multivessel coronary artery disease who either underwent single- or multivessel PCI within the e-SELECT registry. Methods and results: The e-SELECT registry combines data collected at 320 medical centres in 56 countries where patients received CYPHER Selects or CYPHER Select Plus sirolimus-eluting stent (SES). Rates of myocardial infarction and major adverse cardiac event (MACE) (defined as any death, myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularisation) were compared between patients undergoing single-vessel versus multivessel PCI. A total of 15,147 patients who satisfied the inclusion criteria were included in the e-SELECT registry. Two thousand two hundred and seventy-eight (2,278) subjects (15%) underwent multivessel PCI and 12,869 (85%) had single-vessel PCI. The mean age was higher in the multivessel PCI group (63 vs. 62 years, p<0.001) and there was a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (32.4 vs. 30.0%, p=0.02). Lesions were more complex in the single-PCI group while pre- and post-dilatation were less common in the multivessel PCI group. Myocardial infarction within the first 30 days post PCI was more common in the multivessel PCI group (1.9 vs. 0.8%, p<0.001) and most of the infarctions were periprocedural (1.3 vs. 0.6%, p=0.001). Mortality and myocardial infarction at one-year were higher in the multivessel PCI group resulting in a significantly higher MACE (6.1 vs. 4.6%, p=0.005). Conclusions: Overall procedural and one year outcomes were excellent for both single- and multivessel procedures. However despite lower lesion complexity, performing multivessel PCI was associated with higher rates of periprocedural myocardial infarction and MACE when compared to single-vessel PCI in the e-SELECT registry.

Outcomes in patients undergoing multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention using sirolimus-eluting stents : a report from the e-SELECT registry / F. Cuculi, A.P. Banning, A. Abizaid, A.L.G. Bartorelli, A.C. Baux, V. Dzavík, S. Ellis, R.L. Gao, D. Holmes, M.H. Jeong, V. Legrand, F. Neumann, M. Nyakern, C. Spaulding, H. Stoll, S. Worthley, P. Urban. - In: EUROINTERVENTION. - ISSN 1774-024X. - 7:8(2011 Dec), pp. 962-968.

Outcomes in patients undergoing multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention using sirolimus-eluting stents : a report from the e-SELECT registry

A.L.G. Bartorelli;
2011-12

Abstract

Aims: Performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to multiple coronary lesions during the same procedure has potential economic and social advantages. However comprehensive outcome data of real world practice in a large population is limited. We aimed to compare short- and long-term outcomes between patients with multivessel coronary artery disease who either underwent single- or multivessel PCI within the e-SELECT registry. Methods and results: The e-SELECT registry combines data collected at 320 medical centres in 56 countries where patients received CYPHER Selects or CYPHER Select Plus sirolimus-eluting stent (SES). Rates of myocardial infarction and major adverse cardiac event (MACE) (defined as any death, myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularisation) were compared between patients undergoing single-vessel versus multivessel PCI. A total of 15,147 patients who satisfied the inclusion criteria were included in the e-SELECT registry. Two thousand two hundred and seventy-eight (2,278) subjects (15%) underwent multivessel PCI and 12,869 (85%) had single-vessel PCI. The mean age was higher in the multivessel PCI group (63 vs. 62 years, p<0.001) and there was a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (32.4 vs. 30.0%, p=0.02). Lesions were more complex in the single-PCI group while pre- and post-dilatation were less common in the multivessel PCI group. Myocardial infarction within the first 30 days post PCI was more common in the multivessel PCI group (1.9 vs. 0.8%, p<0.001) and most of the infarctions were periprocedural (1.3 vs. 0.6%, p=0.001). Mortality and myocardial infarction at one-year were higher in the multivessel PCI group resulting in a significantly higher MACE (6.1 vs. 4.6%, p=0.005). Conclusions: Overall procedural and one year outcomes were excellent for both single- and multivessel procedures. However despite lower lesion complexity, performing multivessel PCI was associated with higher rates of periprocedural myocardial infarction and MACE when compared to single-vessel PCI in the e-SELECT registry.
Sirolimus ; Coronary Vessels ; Humans ; Aged ; Antibiotics, Antineoplastic ; Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary ; Registries ; Coronary Disease ; Treatment Outcome ; Middle Aged ; Drug-Eluting Stents ; Female ; Male
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/205908
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