LAM/TSC cells bear a TSC2 germline mutation and do not express tuberin for an epigenetic modification. These cells survive in adherent and nonadherent status. A metastatic process has been proposed in dissemination of LAM cells by chemokines, cytokines and MMPs. LAM/TSC cells secreted high amount of IL-6 and IL-8 which were not affected by rapamycin or anti-EGFR antibody exposure. These cells also secreted monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Secretion and mRNA expression of IL-6, IL-8, GM-CSF and MCP-1 were regulated by tuberin since their levels were reduced by 5-azacytidine. In adherent status LAM/TSC cells expressed much higher levels of MMP-2 than in nonadherent condition. In LAM lesions MMP-2 high levels likely degrade extracellular matrix. In LAM/TSC cells MMP-2 mRna expression was related to tuberin because it was significantly reduced by 5-azacytidine. Anti-EGFR and rapamycin incubation significantly decreased MMP-2 mRna expression. MMP-7 contributes to tumor progression, invasion and metastasis. In nonadherent LAM/TSC cells MMP-7 mRNA expression was higher than in nonadherent LAM/TSC cells suggesting that in nonadherent status LAM/TSC cells acquired invasive features. These data suggest that IL-6, IL-8, GM-CSF and MCP-1 might be the driven and regulatory factors to induce migration and chemotactic modulation in LAM/TSC cells lacking tuberin. MMP-e and MMP-7 appear to be related to the adherent and nonadherent status.
|Titolo:||LAM/TSC CELLS BEARING A TSC2 MUTATION SECRETE CHEMOKINES AND MATRIXMETHALLOPROTEINASES|
|Autori interni:||LESMA, ELENA ANNA|
ANCONA, SILVIA (Secondo)
ORPIANESI, EMANUELA (Primo)
DI GIULIO, ANNA MARIA (Penultimo)
GORIO, ALFREDO (Ultimo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2012|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||Associazione Sclerosi Tuberosa|
|Citazione:||LAM/TSC CELLS BEARING A TSC2 MUTATION SECRETE CHEMOKINES AND MATRIXMETHALLOPROTEINASES / E. Orpianesi, S. Ancona, V. Grande, E. Lesma, A.M. Di Giulio, A. Gorio. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International TSC Congress tenutosi a Napoli nel 2012.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|
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